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See also:
U+9451, 鑑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9451

[U+9450]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9452]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 167, +14 in Chinese, 金+15 in Japanese, 22 strokes in Chinese, 23 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 金尸戈廿 (CSIT) or 金尸一廿 (CSMT), four-corner 88117, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1325, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40988
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1826, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4267, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9451

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm, *ɡ·raːms
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm, *qʰlaːms
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ, *ɡ·raːms, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːms, *ɡraːmʔ
*ɡ·raːms, *kʰlaːms, *qʰlaːmʔ
*ɡ·raːms
*kraːm, *kraːms
*kraːm
*kraːm, *kraːms, *kraːms
*ɡraːmʔ
*ɡraːmʔ, *ɡraːms
*ɡraːmʔ
*ɡraːmʔ
*ɡ·lam, *ɡ·lams

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːm, *kraːms, *kraːms): semantic  (metal) + phonetic  (OC *kraːm, *kraːms)

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“mirror; to inspect, to examine; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かがみ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling

From Old Japanese.

Extension of (kagami, mirror), as such objects are usually seen as reflected like a mirror.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かがみ, rōmaji kagami)

  1. an example, exemplar, model, pattern
    Synonyms: 亀鑑 (kikan), 手本 (tehon), 模範 (mohan)
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana かがみ, rōmaji Kagami)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
kan’on
Alternative spelling

/kam//kamʉ//kaɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠamH).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かん, rōmaji kan)

  1. a kind of ancient Chinese bronzeware
  2. an example, exemplar, model, pattern

Affix[edit]

(hiragana かん, rōmaji kan)

  1. example, exemplar
  2. model, pattern
  3. inspect, examine
  4. evaluate
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana かん, rōmaji Kan)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
nanori

Nominalization of the stem of adjective 明らか (akiraka, clear).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana あきら, rōmaji Akira)

  1. a male or female given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune–Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Extension of (kagami1, mirror), as such objects are usually seen as reflected like a mirror.[1]

Noun[edit]

(kagami1) (kana かがみ)

  1. an example, exemplar, model, pattern
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4465), text here
      ...美流比等乃可多里都芸弖低伎久比等能可我見爾世武乎...
      ...mi1ru pi1to2 no2 kataritugi1tete ki1ku pi1to2 no2 kagami1 ni semu wo...
      All who see will pass it down, all who hear will make it as a mirror.[2]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: (kagami)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Paula Doe (1982) A Warbler's Song in the Dusk: The Life and Work of Ōtomo Yakamochi (718-785), illustrated edition, University of California Press, →ISBN, page 225

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giám, gương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.