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See also:
U+9451, 鑑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9451

[U+9450]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9452]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 167, +14 in Chinese, 金+15 in Japanese, 22 strokes in Chinese, 23 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 金尸戈廿 (CSIT) or 金尸一廿 (CSMT), four-corner 88117, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1325, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40988
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1826, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4267, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9451

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːm, *kraːms, *kraːms): semantic (metal) + phonetic (OC *kraːm, *kraːms).

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“mirror; to inspect, to examine; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かがみ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling

From Old Japanese.

Extension of (kagami, mirror), as such objects are usually seen as reflected like a mirror.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かがみ) (kagami

  1. an example, exemplar, model, pattern
    Synonyms: 亀鑑 (kikan), 手本 (tehon), 模範 (mohan)
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(かがみ) (Kagami

  1. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
kan’on
Alternative spelling

/kam//kamʉ//kaɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠamH).

Noun[edit]

(かん) (kan

  1. a kind of ancient Chinese bronzeware
  2. an example, exemplar, model, pattern

Affix[edit]

(かん) (kan

  1. example, exemplar
  2. model, pattern
  3. inspect, examine
  4. evaluate
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
nanori

Nominalization of the stem of adjective 明らか (akiraka, clear).

Proper noun[edit]

(あきら) (Akira

  1. a male or female given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Yakja (略字, simplified form) of 鑑.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠamH). Recorded as Middle Korean 감〯 (Yale: kam) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 거울 (geoul gam))

  1. Hanja form? of (mirror; inspection).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]
  • Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대법원, Daehanmin-guk daebeobwon) (2018). Table of hanja for personal names (인명용 한자표 / 人名用漢字表, inmyeong-yonghanjapyo), page 1. [2]

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Extension of (kagami1, mirror), as such objects are usually seen as reflected like a mirror.[1]

Noun[edit]

(kagami1) (kana かがみ)

  1. an example, exemplar, model, pattern
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4465), text here
      ...美流比等乃可多里都芸弖低伎久比等能可我見爾世武乎...
      ...mi1ru pi1to2 no2 kataritugi1tete ki1ku pi1to2 no2 kagami1 ni semu wo...
      All who see will pass it down, all who hear will make it as a mirror.[2]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: (kagami)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Paula Doe (1982) A Warbler's Song in the Dusk: The Life and Work of Ōtomo Yakamochi (718-785), illustrated edition, University of California Press, →ISBN, page 225

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giám, gương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.