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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +14, 18 strokes, cangjie input 木尸戈廿 (DSIT) or 木尸一廿 (DSMT), four-corner 48917, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 558, character 47
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15745
  • Dae Jaweon: page 948, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1307, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+6ABB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kram ‎(fence, garden). Cognate with Burmese ခြံ ‎(hkram, fence; garden; to surround). Also compare Tibetan ཁྲམ ‎(khram, notched wood) (> ཁྲམ་ཁ ‎(khram kha, cut, notch [in wood]), ཁྲམ་ཤིང ‎(khram shing, tallystick)).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣamX/ /ɣamX/ /ɣamX/ /ɦɯamX/ /ɦaɨmX/ /ɣamX/ /ɣamX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiàn ‹ hæmX › /*[ɡ]ˤramʔ/ straight-jetted (water)
jiàn ‹ hæmX › /*[ɡ]ˤramʔ/ railing; cage
jiàn ‹ hamX › /*[ɡ]ˤamʔ/ railing; cage

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6110 1 /*ɡraːmʔ/
6114 1 /*ɡraːms/ 原文木在下,集韻注或書檻

Definitions[edit]

  1. fence
  2. cage (for animal or prisoner)
  3. railing
  4. Alternative form of (“warship”).

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. doorsill
    /   ―  ménkǎn  ―  doorsill

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune-Reischauer ham, Yale ham)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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