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U+6ABB, 檻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6ABB

[U+6ABA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6ABC]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +14, 18 strokes, cangjie input 木尸戈廿 (DSIT) or 木尸一廿 (DSMT), four-corner 48917, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 558, character 47
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15745
  • Dae Jaweon: page 948, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1307, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+6ABB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm, *ɡ·raːms
*ɡ·raːm
*ɡ·raːm, *qʰlaːms
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ, *ɡ·raːms, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːmʔ
*ɡ·raːms, *ɡraːmʔ
*ɡ·raːms, *kʰlaːms, *qʰlaːmʔ
*ɡ·raːms
*kraːm, *kraːms
*kraːm
*kraːm, *kraːms, *kraːms
*ɡraːmʔ
*ɡraːmʔ, *ɡraːms
*ɡraːmʔ
*ɡraːmʔ
*ɡ·lam, *ɡ·lams

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡraːmʔ, *ɡraːms): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kraːm, *kraːms).

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kram (fence, garden). Cognate with Burmese ခြံ (hkram, fence; garden; to surround). Also compare Tibetan ཁྲམ (khram, notched wood) (> ཁྲམ་ཁ (khram kha, cut, notch [in wood]), ཁྲམ་ཤིང (khram shing, tallystick)).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (149)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠamX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚamX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣamX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨmX/
Li
Rong
/ɣamX/
Wang
Li
/ɣamX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣamX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiàn jiàn jiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hæmX › ‹ hæmX › ‹ hamX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤramʔ/ /*[ɡ]ˤramʔ/ /*[ɡ]ˤamʔ/
English straight-jetted (water) railing; cage railing; cage

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6110 6114
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraːmʔ/ /*ɡraːms/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. fence
  2. cage (for animal or prisoner)
  3. railing
  4. Alternative form of (“warship”).

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. doorsill
    /   ―  ménkǎn  ―  doorsill

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune-Reischauer ham, Yale ham)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.