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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +11, 19 strokes, cangjie input 金卜廿山 (CYTU), four-corner 80116, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1320, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40812
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1820, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4250, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+93E1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
鏡-bigseal.svg 鏡-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraŋs): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kraŋs).

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Various hypotheses exist:

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋH/
Li
Rong
/kiɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qraŋʔ-s/
English mirror

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6870
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. mirror; reflecting glass
  2. to mirror; to reflect
  3. to perceive; to observe clearly
  4. to use for reference; to draw lessons from
  5. clear
  6. (physics) lens; -scope
  7. spectacles; glasses
  8. A surname​.

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. mirror

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally a compound of ‎(kaga, shadow; outline; figure; image, ancient combining form of modern reading kage) +‎ ‎(mi, seeing, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 見る miru, “to see, to look at”, cognate with me, “eye”).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かがみ, romaji kagami)

  1. an instrument that reflects an image: a mirror
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3468)
      夜麻杼里乃 乎呂能波都乎尓 可賀美可家 刀奈布倍美許曽 奈尓与曽利鶏米
      やまとりの をろのはつをに かがみかけ となふべみこそ なによそりけめ
      yamatori no oro no hatsuo ni kagami kake tonau bemi koso na ni yosori kemu
  2. (Noh) the panel at the back of a Noh stage that is painted with an image of an old pine tree
  3. the barrelhead or lid of a saké barrel
    昨日 (きのう) (かがみ) ()いた。
    Kinō, kagami o nuita.
    They removed the barrelhead yesterday. → They opened the saké barrel yesterday.

Idioms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana かがん, romaji kagan)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(kagami, mirror), itself derived as a compound of ‎(kaga, shadow; outline; image, ancient combining form of modern reading kage) + ‎(mi, seeing, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 見る miru, “to see, to look at”, cognate with me, “eye”).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かがん, romaji kagan)

  1. mirror

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kính, kẻng, gương, kiếng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana かか゚ん, romaji kaŋan)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(kagami, mirror), itself derived as a compound of ‎(kaga, shadow; outline; image, ancient combining form of modern reading kage) + ‎(mi, seeing, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 見る miru, “to see, to look at”, cognate with me, “eye”).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かか゚ん, romaji kaŋan)

  1. mirror