reference

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See also: référence

English[edit]

Wikipedia Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From refer +‎ -ence.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɹɛf.ɹəns/, /ˈɹɛf.ɜː(ɹ).əns/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

reference (plural references)

  1. A relationship or relation (to something).
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, III.1.3:
      all these are far more eminent and great, when they shall proceed from a sanctified spirit, that hath a true touch of religion and a reference to God.
  2. A measurement one can compare to.
  3. Information about a person, provided by someone (a referee) with whom they are well acquainted
  4. A reference work.
  5. (semantics) A relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object.
  6. (academic writing) A short written identification of a previously published work which is used as a source for a text.
  7. (academic writing) A previously published written work thus indicated; a source.
  8. (programming) An object containing information which refers to data stored elsewhere, as opposed to containing the data itself.
  9. (programming, character entity) A special sequence used to represent complex characters in a web page such as ™ or €.
  10. (obsolete) appeal
    • Shakespeare
      Make your full reference.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

reference (third-person singular simple present references, present participle referencing, simple past and past participle referenced)

  1. to refer to, to make reference to, to cite
    Reference the dictionary for word meanings.
  2. to mention

Usage notes[edit]

  • Some authorities object to the use of reference as a verb, preferring "refer to" or "cite".

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]