speculum

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English[edit]

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14th to 16th century specula (medical instrument).
Disposable modern vaginal speculum (medical instrument).
Female duck with blue speculum.

Etymology[edit]

From Latin speculum (mirror), from specere (to see; to look at) + -ulum (forming tools of performing a verb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

speculum (plural speculums or specula)

  1. (medicine) A medical instrument used during an examination to dilate an orifice.
  2. A mirror, especially one used in a telescope.
  3. (ornithology) A bright, lustrous patch of colour found on the wings of ducks and some other birds, usually situated on the distal portions of the secondary quills, and much more brilliant in the adult male than in the female.
  4. A lookout place.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • speclum (Vulgar or Late Latin, Appendix Probi)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *spektlom, from Proto-Indo-European *spéḱtlom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

speculum n (genitive speculī); second declension

  1. a looking-glass, mirror

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative speculum specula
Genitive speculī speculōrum
Dative speculō speculīs
Accusative speculum specula
Ablative speculō speculīs
Vocative speculum specula

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


References[edit]

  • speculum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • speculum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • speculum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • speculum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • speculum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • speculum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin