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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 戈X水 (IXE), four-corner 00247)

  1. congratulate, celebrate

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 400, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11145
  • Dae Jaweon: page 740, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 903, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6176

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰiŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰin⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰaŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰin²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰin⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰin⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ³³/
Nanning /heŋ³³/
Hong Kong /hiŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰeiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰeŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xeŋ³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final: (111)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qìng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɣiæŋH/ /kʰɯiaŋH/ /kʰiaŋH/ /kʰiajŋH/ /kʰiɐŋH/ /kʰĭɐŋH/ /kʰi̯ɐŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qìng ‹ khjængH › /*[kʰ]raŋ-s/ happy, rejoice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10521 0 /*kʰraŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeong, gang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: gyeong, gang, McCune-Reischauer: kyŏng, kang, Yale: kyeng, kang)
  • Name (hangeul): 경사()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khánh, khương)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.