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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From / ("altar") + phonetic , with the implied meaning of "good luck."

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈火廿手 (IFTQ), four-corner 38251, composition)

  1. good luck, good omen, auspicious, propitious
  2. happiness

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 842, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24689
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1262, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2398, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7965

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ɕiaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiɑŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /siaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /siaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiaŋ²⁴/
Xining /ɕiɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiɑŋ⁵³/
/ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰiaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕiaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiaŋ²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiã̠³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦiã²³/
Suzhou /ziã¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰia⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiau⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sian¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zian¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɔŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sioŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /sioŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœŋ²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰœŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰœŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (17)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ziɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ziɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ziaŋ/
Wang
Li
/zĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiáng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ zjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.ɢaŋ/
English auspicious

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14528
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljaŋ/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang, Yale sang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tường)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.