主人

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Chinese[edit]

 
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(主人)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (23) (38)
Final () (24) (43)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨoX/ /ȵiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕioX/ /ȵin/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕioX/ /ȵʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuə̆X/ /ȵin/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕioX/ /ȵiĕn/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuX/ /ȵʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uX/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǔ rén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǔ rén
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuX › ‹ nyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*toʔ/ /*ni[ŋ]/
English master; host (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 17618 10800
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjoʔ/ /*njin/

Noun[edit]

主人

  1. master; owner
  2. host or hostess

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (主人):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: 3
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɕɯᵝd͡ʑĩɴ]

Noun[edit]

主人 ‎(hiragana しゅじん, romaji shujin)

  1. (humble) (one's own) husband (use ご主人 to refer to somebody else's husband)
  2. someone's master
  3. owner
  4. host or hostess

Synonyms[edit]

  • (husband): (おっと, otto, "husband")

Antonyms[edit]

  • (husband): (つま, tsuma, "wife"), 奥さん (おくさん, okusan, "another’s wife"), 家内 (かない, kanai, "one’s own wife")

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

主人 ‎(ju-in) ‎(hangeul 주인)

  1. Hanja form? of 주인, “master or owner; proprietor”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

主人

  1. Hán tự form of chủ nhân, "master or owner; proprietor"