Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人弓一大 (ONMK), four-corner 27234, composition⿱⿱𠃍 or ⿰⿱⿱)

  1. marquis, lord
  2. a Chinese surname

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 103, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 633
  • Dae Jaweon: page 218, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 167, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4FAF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
侯-oracle.svg 侯-bronze.svg 侯-bigseal.svg 侯-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xou³⁵/
Harbin /xou²⁴/
Tianjin /xou⁴⁵/
Jinan /xou⁴²/
Qingdao /xou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xou⁴²/
Xi'an /xou²⁴/
Xining /xɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /xəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /xou⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /xəu²¹³/
Chengdu /xəu³¹/
Guiyang /xəu²¹/
Kunming /xəu³¹/
Nanjing /xəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /xɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xəu¹¹/
Pingyao /xəu¹³/
Hohhot /xəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦɤ²³/
Suzhou /ɦɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦei²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦau³¹/
Hui Shexian /xiu⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /xəu¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɛu²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /heu¹¹/
Taoyuan /heu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐu²¹/
Nanning /hɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /hɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔ³⁵/
/kau³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /e²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hou⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔu³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəw/
Li
Rong
/ɣu/
Wang
Li
/ɣəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ huw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤ(r)o/
English feudal lord

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5139
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. marquis
  2. lord
  3. daimyo

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hu, hye)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: hu, hye, McCune-Reischauer: hu, hye, Yale: hwu, hyey)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hậu, hầu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]