Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+5589, 喉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5589

[U+5588]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+558A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口人弓大 (RONK), four-corner 67034, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 197, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 419, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 657, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5589

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𦞈
𦞕

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
帿 *ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoːs
*ɡoːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡoː): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *ɡoː).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ku (neck; throat) (STEDT); compare Chepang गुक्‌ (throat) (Schuessler, 2007). Also compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *kɔʔ (neck), whence Mon ကံ (neck), Khmer (kɑɑ, neck), Vietnamese cổ (neck) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hô͘/hiô - literary;
  • âu - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦəu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦəu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦəw/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣu/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hóu
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    hóu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ huw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˤ(r)o/
    English throat

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5140
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡoː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) larynx
    2. (by extension) throat; gullet
    3. (Cantonese) pipe; duct; hose; tube
    4. guttural

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 喉嚨 (“throat”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 喉嚨咽喉
    Mandarin Beijing 嗓子
    Taiwan 喉嚨嗓子
    Harbin 嗓子
    Jinan 嗓子合嗓
    Muping 嗓子
    Luoyang 胡嚨嗓子
    Jiedian 胡嚨
    Xi'an 胡嚨
    Zhengzhou 胡嚨
    Xining 嗓子喉嚨
    Xuzhou 胡嚨胡嚨系兒
    Yinchuan 嗓子
    Lanzhou 嗓子嗓門子
    Ürümqi 嗓子
    Wuhan 喉嚨
    Chengdu 喉嚨
    Guiyang 喉嚨
    Guilin 喉嚨
    Liuzhou 喉嚨嗓子
    Kunming 脖子嗓子
    Yangzhou 喉嚨
    Nanjing 嗓子
    Hefei 喉嚨
    Nantong 嗓子管兒
    Cantonese Guangzhou 喉嚨頸喉
    Hong Kong 喉嚨
    Shunde 嚨喉
    Foshan 喉嚨
    Zhongshan 喉嚨
    Dongguan 喉嚨
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 喉嚨
    Taishan 頸喉
    Doumen 喉嚨
    Kaiping 頸喉
    Yangjiang 喉嚨
    Nanning 喉嚨
    Wuzhou 喉嚨
    Yulin 喉嚨
    Hepu 喉嚨
    Kuala Lumpur 喉嚨
    Gan Nanchang 喉嚨
    Lichuan 喉嚨
    Pingxiang 喉嚨
    Hakka Meixian 喉嗹喉嚨
    Luchuan 喉嚨
    Yudu 喉靈
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 喉嗹
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 喉嗹徑
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 喉嗹
    Dongshi (Dabu) 喉嗹
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 喉嗹
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 喉嗹
    Hong Kong 喉嗹
    Sabah 喉嗹
    Senai 喉嚨
    Huizhou Jixi 喉嚨
    Jin Taiyuan 嗓子喉嚨
    Xinzhou 忽嚨
    Min Bei Jian'ou 喉嚨
    Min Dong Fuzhou 喉嚨
    Fuqing 喉嚨
    Min Nan Xiamen 嚨喉
    Quanzhou 嚨喉
    Zhangzhou 嚨喉
    Taipei 嚨喉
    Kaohsiung 嚨喉
    Tainan 嚨喉
    Taichung 嚨喉
    Wuqi 嚨喉
    Hsinchu 嚨喉
    Taitung 嚨喉
    Lukang 嚨喉
    Yilan 嚨喉
    Magong 嚨喉
    Penang 嚨喉
    Pingnan 喉嚨
    Chaozhou 喉嚨
    Haifeng 嚨喉
    Johor Bahru 喉嚨
    Haikou 喉空
    Puxian Min Putian 嚨喉
    Xianyou 咽頭
    Pinghua Nanning 喉嚨
    Guilin 嗓子喉嚨
    Wu Shanghai 胡嚨喉嚨
    Suzhou 斛嚨
    Hangzhou 喉嚨
    Wenzhou 靈喉
    Chongming 胡嚨
    Danyang 喉嚨
    Jinhua 喉嚨
    Tangxi 喉嚨頭
    Ningbo 胡嚨
    Xiang Changsha 喉嚨
    Shuangfeng 喉嚨
    Loudi 喉嚨
    Quanzhou 喉嚨

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]

    • (yān, “pharynx”)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    のど
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    nomito > nomto > nomdo > nondo > nodo.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana のど, rōmaji nodo)

    1. throat
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    こう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (huw).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana こう, rōmaji -kō)

    1. counter for fish
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    Grade: S
    Irregular

    nomito > nomto > nomdo > nondo.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana のんど, rōmaji nondo)

    1. throat

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    Grade: S
    Irregular

    From (nomito).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana のみど, rōmaji nomido)

    1. throat

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    Grade: S
    Irregular

    Compound of 飲み (nomi, drink) +‎ (to, passage). nomi is the nominalized form of the verb 飲む (nomu, to drink).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana のみと, rōmaji nomito)

    1. throat

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (hu) (hangeul , revised hu, McCune-Reischauer hu)

    1. throat, gullet, larynx
    2. guttural

    Okinawan[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (nodo).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana ぬーでぃー, romaji nūdī)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぬーでぃー, romaji nūdī)

    1. throat

    Derived terms[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hầu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.