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U+5589, 喉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5589

[U+5588]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+558A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口人弓大 (RONK), four-corner 67034, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 197, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 419, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 657, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5589

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𦞈
𦞕

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
帿 *ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoːs
*ɡoːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡoː): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *ɡoː).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ku (neck; throat) (STEDT); compare Chepang गुक्‌ (throat) (Schuessler, 2007). Also compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *kɔʔ (neck), whence Mon ကံ (neck), Khmer (kɑɑ, neck), Vietnamese cổ (neck) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hô͘/hiô - literary;
  • âu - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəw/
Li
Rong
/ɣu/
Wang
Li
/ɣəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ huw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤ(r)o/
English throat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5140
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) larynx
  2. (by extension) throat; gullet
  3. (Cantonese) pipe; duct; hose; tube
  4. guttural

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 喉嚨 (“throat”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 喉嚨咽喉
Mandarin Beijing 嗓子
Taiwan 喉嚨嗓子
Harbin 嗓子
Jinan 嗓子合嗓
Muping 嗓子
Luoyang 胡嚨嗓子
Jiedian 胡嚨
Xi'an 胡嚨
Zhengzhou 胡嚨
Xining 嗓子喉嚨
Xuzhou 胡嚨胡嚨系兒
Yinchuan 嗓子
Lanzhou 嗓子嗓門子
Ürümqi 嗓子
Wuhan 喉嚨
Chengdu 喉嚨
Guiyang 喉嚨
Guilin 喉嚨
Liuzhou 喉嚨嗓子
Kunming 脖子嗓子
Yangzhou 喉嚨
Nanjing 嗓子
Hefei 喉嚨
Nantong 嗓子管兒
Cantonese Guangzhou 喉嚨頸喉
Hong Kong 喉嚨
Shunde 嚨喉
Foshan 喉嚨
Zhongshan 喉嚨
Dongguan 喉嚨
Hong Kong (Weitou) 喉嚨
Taishan 頸喉
Doumen 喉嚨
Kaiping 頸喉
Yangjiang 喉嚨
Nanning 喉嚨
Wuzhou 喉嚨
Yulin 喉嚨
Hepu 喉嚨
Kuala Lumpur 喉嚨
Gan Nanchang 喉嚨
Lichuan 喉嚨
Pingxiang 喉嚨
Hakka Meixian 喉嗹喉嚨
Luchuan 喉嚨
Yudu 喉靈
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 喉嗹
Liudui (S. Sixian) 喉嗹徑
Hsinchu (Hailu) 喉嗹
Dongshi (Dabu) 喉嗹
Zhuolan (Raoping) 喉嗹
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 喉嗹
Hong Kong 喉嗹
Sabah 喉嗹
Senai 喉嚨
Huizhou Jixi 喉嚨
Jin Taiyuan 嗓子喉嚨
Xinzhou 忽嚨
Min Bei Jian'ou 喉嚨
Min Dong Fuzhou 喉嚨
Fuqing 喉嚨
Min Nan Xiamen 嚨喉
Quanzhou 嚨喉
Zhangzhou 嚨喉
Taipei 嚨喉
Kaohsiung 嚨喉
Tainan 嚨喉
Taichung 嚨喉
Wuqi 嚨喉
Hsinchu 嚨喉
Taitung 嚨喉
Lukang 嚨喉
Yilan 嚨喉
Magong 嚨喉
Penang 嚨喉
Pingnan 喉嚨
Chaozhou 喉嚨
Haifeng 嚨喉
Johor Bahru 喉嚨
Haikou 喉空
Puxian Min Putian 嚨喉
Xianyou 咽頭
Pinghua Nanning 喉嚨
Guilin 嗓子喉嚨
Wu Shanghai 胡嚨喉嚨
Suzhou 斛嚨
Hangzhou 喉嚨
Wenzhou 靈喉
Chongming 胡嚨
Danyang 喉嚨
Jinhua 喉嚨
Tangxi 喉嚨頭
Ningbo 胡嚨
Xiang Changsha 喉嚨
Shuangfeng 喉嚨
Loudi 喉嚨
Quanzhou 喉嚨

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (yān, “pharynx”)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
のど
Grade: S
kun’yomi

nomito > nomto > nomdo > nondo > nodo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana のど, rōmaji nodo)

  1. throat
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (huw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana こう, rōmaji -kō)

  1. counter for fish
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

nomito > nomto > nomdo > nondo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana のんど, rōmaji nondo)

  1. throat

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

From (nomito).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana のみど, rōmaji nomido)

  1. throat

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

Compound of 飲み (nomi, drink) +‎ (to, passage). nomi is the nominalized form of the verb 飲む (nomu, to drink).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana のみと, rōmaji nomito)

  1. throat

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hu) (hangeul , revised hu, McCune-Reischauer hu)

  1. throat, gullet, larynx
  2. guttural

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (nodo).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana ぬーでぃー, romaji nūdī)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぬーでぃー, romaji nūdī)

  1. throat

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hầu)

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