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U+5589, 喉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5589

[U+5588]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+558A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口人弓大 (RONK), four-corner 67034, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 197, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 419, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 657, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5589

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𦞈
𦞕

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡoː): semantic (mouth) + phonetic (OC *ɡoː).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ku (neck; throat) (STEDT); compare Chepang गुक्‌ (throat) (Schuessler, 2007). Also compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *kɔʔ (neck), whence Mon ကံ (neck), Khmer (kɑɑ, neck), Vietnamese cổ (neck) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hô͘/hiô - literary;
  • âu - vernacular.
Note: ao6 - alternative pronunciation in 喉嚨.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəw/
Li
Rong
/ɣu/
Wang
Li
/ɣəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ huw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˁ(r)o/
English throat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5140
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) larynx
  2. (by extension) throat; gullet
  3. (Cantonese) pipe; duct; hose; tube
  4. guttural

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (yān, “pharynx”)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
のど
Grade: S
kun’yomi

nomito > nomto > nomdo > nondo > nodo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(のど) (nodo

  1. throat
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (huw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(こう) (-kō

  1. counter for fish
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

nomito > nomto > nomdo > nondo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(のんど) (nondo

  1. throat

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

From (nomito).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(のみど) (nomido

  1. throat

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

Compound of 飲み (nomi, drink) +‎ (to, passage). nomi is the nominalized form of the verb 飲む (nomu, to drink).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(のみと) (nomito

  1. throat

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦəu).

Recorded as Middle Korean ᅘᅮᇢ* (Yale: hhwuw) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: hwu) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 목구멍 (mokgumeong hu))

  1. Hanja form? of (throat, gullet, larynx; guttural).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぬーでぃー
Grade: S

Cognate with Japanese (nodo).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぬーでぃー, rōmaji nūdī)

  1. throat

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hầu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.