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See also:
U+54BD, 咽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54BD

[U+54BC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54BE]
U+F99E, 咽
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F99E

[U+F99D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F99F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口田大 (RWK), four-corner 66000, composition)

  1. throat
  2. pharynx

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 188, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3577
  • Dae Jaweon: page 407, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 616, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+54BD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qrils
*qiːn, *qin
*qiːn
*qiːn, *qiːns, *qiːd
*qɯːn
*qɯːn
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin, *qrin
*qin
*qin

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qiːn, *qiːns, *qiːd): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *qin) – connected to the mouth, the throat.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (34)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɛn/
Li
Rong
/ʔen/
Wang
Li
/ien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yān
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔen ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔˁi[n]/
English gullet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 15172
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qiːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. throat, pharynx

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to swallow; swallow, gulp”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (34)
Final () (87)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔet̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔet̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɛt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɛt̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔet̚/
Wang
Li
/iet̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔiet̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ye
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔˁi[n]-s/
English swallow (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 15187
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qiːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to make a hoarse sound

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. throat

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いん
Grade: S
kan’yōon

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana いん, rōmaji in)

  1. throat
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
えつ
Grade: S
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔet̚).

The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana えつ, rōmaji etsu)

  1. choked; smothered: Only used in 嗚咽 (oetsu, sobbing (n.), to sob (v.))

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese / (MC ʔenH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana えん, rōmaji en)

  1. Alternative form of (en, swallow; gulp down): Only used in 咽下 (enka, enge, swallowing (n.), to swallow (v.))

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
のど
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see のど.
(This term, , is a kanji spelling of のど.)

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
のんど
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see のんど.
(This term, , is a kanji spelling of のんど.)

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term
のみど
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see のみど.
(This term, , is a kanji spelling of のみど.)

Etymology 7[edit]

Kanji in this term
のみと
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see のみと.
(This term, , is a kanji spelling of のみと.)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(in, yeol) (hangeul , , revised in, yeol, McCune–Reischauer in, yŏl)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(yết, nhằn, ịt, nhiết, yến)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.