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See also: and
U+8CEA, 質
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CEA

[U+8CE9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CEB]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 154, +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹中月山金 (HLBUC), four-corner 72806, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1210, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36833
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1676, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3648, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8CEA

Chinese

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Glyph origin

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Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : + . Zhu Junsheng also interpret this as a phono-semantic compound (形聲形声) , where he regards as an original form of (OC *tjid).

Etymology 1

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trad.
simp.
alternative forms

𫎘
𧸲

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • ziêh4 - Chaozhou;
  • zioh4 - Shantou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ²/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sət̚¹/
Taoyuan /tʃït̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /t͡sit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /t͡sɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /t͡si²⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /t͡sioʔ²/
Haikou (Hainanese) /t͡sit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsyit
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cit̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zat1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhì
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyit ›
Old
Chinese
/*t-lit/
English substance, solid part

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17401
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjid/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. matter; material; substance
  2. nature; intrinsic quality; essence
  3. quality
  4. (Cantonese, literary, or in compounds) to query; to ask about
  5. (literary, or in compounds) simple; plain
  6. Alternative form of 𬃊 (zhì)
Synonyms
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  • (quality):
  • (to query):
  • (simple):

Compounds

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Etymology 2

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trad.
simp.
alternative forms

𫎘
𧸲

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • chì - Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou;
  • chit - Taiwan, Xiamen, Quanzhou.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (17)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter trijH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈˠiɪH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈᵚiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiɪH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈjiH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶjiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhì
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zi3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ trijH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[t]<r>ip-s/
    English hostage; gift

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 17397
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tids/

    Definitions

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    1. to pawn
    2. collateral; security; object or person given as a pledge
        ―  rénzhì  ―  hostage
    3. Alternative form of (zhì, gifts to superiors)
    4. a surname: Zhi

    Compounds

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    Etymology 3

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    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms

    Pronunciation

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    Definitions

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    1. (Cantonese) to stuff; to shove
    Synonyms
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    References

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    Japanese

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    Kanji

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    (Fifth grade kyōiku kanji)

    1. content
    2. characteristic
    3. natural appearance
    4. confirm
    5. mortgage
    6. (financial, archaic, rare) seven

    Readings

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    Alternative forms

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    Compounds

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    Etymology 1

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    Kanji in this term
    しつ
    Grade: 5
    kan'on

    Pronunciation

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    Noun

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    (しつ) (shitsu

    1. quality

    Etymology 2

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    Kanji in this term
    しち
    Grade: 5
    goon

    Pronunciation

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    Noun

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    (しち) (shichi

    1. pawn

    Etymology 3

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    Kanji in this term
    たち
    Grade: 5
    kun'yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    たち
    [noun] nature (of a person or an illness)
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    References

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    1. 1.0 1.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. 3.0 3.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean

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    Etymology 1

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    From Middle Chinese (MC tsyit).

    Pronunciation

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    Hanja

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    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 바탕 (batang jil))

    1. hanja form? of (matter)
    2. hanja form? of (nature; disposition)
    3. hanja form? of (quality)

    Compounds

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    Etymology 2

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    From a corrupted or unorthodox reading influenced by Middle Chinese (MC tsyit). The original reading is (ji) based on Middle Chinese (MC trijH, “hostage”).

    Pronunciation

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    Hanja

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    (eumhun 볼모 (bolmo jil))

    1. hanja form? of (hostage)

    Compounds

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    Etymology 3

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    Related to Middle Chinese (MC tsyijH).

    Hanja

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    (eumhun 폐백(幣帛) )

    1. Alternative form of (hanja form? of (gift))

    References

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    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese

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    Han character

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    : Hán Nôm readings: chất, chát, chắc, chặt, chắt, chớt

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.