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See also: and
U+54C1, 品
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C1

[U+54C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C2]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口口口 (RRR), four-corner 60660, composition)

  1. Shuowen Jiezi radical №42

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 188, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3581
  • Dae Jaweon: page 407, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 615, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+54C1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠯮

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
品-oracle.svg 品-bronze.svg 品-seal.svg 品-bigseal.svg

Triplication of (“mouth”). Also occurs in .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bing2 - literary;
  • bang2 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pʰin²¹⁴/
    Harbin /pʰin²¹³/
    Tianjin /pʰin¹³/
    Jinan /pʰiẽ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /pʰiə̃⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /pʰin⁵³/
    Xi'an /pʰiẽ⁵³/
    Xining /pʰiə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /pʰin⁴²/
    Chengdu /pʰin⁵³/
    Guiyang /pʰin⁴²/
    Kunming /pʰĩ⁵³/
    Nanjing /pʰin²¹²/
    Hefei /pʰin²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /piəŋ⁵³/
    Pingyao /pʰiŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /pʰĩŋ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /pʰiŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /pʰin⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /pʰin⁵³/
    Wenzhou /pʰeŋ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃³⁵/
    Tunxi /pʰin³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /pʰin⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /pʰin⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /pʰin²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /pʰin³¹/
    Taoyuan /pin³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pɐn³⁵/
    Nanning /pɐn³⁵/
    Hong Kong /pɐn³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰin⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰiŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰeiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /piŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fin²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (140)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰˠiɪmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰᵚimX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰiemX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰjimX/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰjəmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰĭĕmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰi̯əmX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pǐn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    pan2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    pǐn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ phimX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰr[ə]mʔ/
    English kind, class

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9804
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰrɯmʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. article; item; product; commodity
        ―  shāngpǐn  ―  merchandise
        ―  shípǐn  ―  foodstuff
    2. personality; character
    3. grade; level; rank; class
    4. (music, of a string instrument) fret
    5. to taste
    6. a surname.

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ひん) (hin); (ほん) (hon)
    • Korean: (, pum)
    • Vietnamese: phẩm ()

    Others:

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しな
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (しな) (shina

    1. article, goods
    2. stock
    3. quality

    Counter[edit]

    (しな) (-shina

    1. an item (on the menu) or dish
      (ひと)(しな)
      hitoshina
      1 item/dish

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひん
    Grade: 3
    kan’on

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ひん) (hin

    1. grace, elegance
    2. refinement
    3. article, goods
    4. course, dish

    Counter[edit]

    (ひん) (-hin

    1. an item (on the menu) or dish
      (いっ)(ぴん)
      ippin
      1 item/dish
      (さん)(ぴん)
      sanpin
      3 items/dishes

    See also[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ほん
    Grade: 3
    goon

    Noun[edit]

    (ほん) (hon

    1. (history) a type of rank for officials in East Asian courts

    Counter[edit]

    (ほん) (-hon

    1. (history) a type of rank for officials in East Asian courts
      (いっ)(ぽん)
      ippon
      rank 1
      (さん)(ぼん)
      sanbon
      rank 3

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC pʰˠiɪmX).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [pʰu(ː)m]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 물건(物件) (mulgeon pum))

    1. Hanja form? of (article; goods).
    2. Hanja form? of (personality; character).
    3. Hanja form? of (quality).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: phẩm

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.