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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
品-bw.png
Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
品-oracle.svg 品-bronze.svg 品-bigseal.svg 品-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口口口 (RRR), four-corner 60660, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 188, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3581
  • Dae Jaweon: page 407, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 615, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+54C1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰin²¹⁴/
Harbin /pʰin²¹³/
Tianjin /pʰin¹³/
Jinan /pʰiẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pʰiə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pʰin⁵³/
Xi'an /pʰiẽ⁵³/
Xining /pʰiə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰin⁴²/
Chengdu /pʰin⁵³/
Guiyang /pʰin⁴²/
Kunming /pʰĩ⁵³/
Nanjing /pʰin²¹²/
Hefei /pʰin²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /piəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /pʰiŋ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /pʰiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /pʰin⁵¹/
Hangzhou /pʰin⁵³/
Wenzhou /pʰeŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /pʰin³¹/
Xiang Changsha /pʰin⁴¹/
Xiangtan /pʰin⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰin²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pʰin³¹/
Taoyuan /pin³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pɐn³⁵/
Nanning /pɐn³⁵/
Hong Kong /pɐn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰin⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰiŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰeiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /piŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fin²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (2)
Final: (140)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: pǐn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɣiɪmX/ /pʰɯimX/ /pʰiemX/ /pʰjimX/ /pʰjəmX/ /pʰĭĕmX/ /pʰi̯əmX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
pǐn ‹ phimX › /*pʰr[ə]mʔ/ kind, class

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9804 1 /*pʰrɯmʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. article, item, product, commodity
      ―  shāngpǐn  ―  merchandise
      ―  shípǐn  ―  foodstuff
  2. fret (of a stringed musical instrument)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しな
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しな, romaji shina)

  1. article, goods
  2. stock
  3. quality

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひん, romaji hin)

  1. grace, elegance
  2. refinement
  3. article, goods
  4. course, dish

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pum)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: p'um)
  • Name (hangeul): 물건 (revised: mulgeon, McCune-Reischauer: mulgŏn, Yale: mwulken)
  1. article, goods

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phẩm)

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