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See also:
U+81E8, 臨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81E8

[U+81E7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81E9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 131, +11, 17 strokes in Chinese, 18 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 尸中人口口 (SLORR), four-corner 78766, composition𠂉)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 999, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30087
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1451, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2802, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+81E8

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*b·rɯm, *b·rɯms
*b·rɯm
*pʰrɯmʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *b·rɯm, *b·rɯms): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *pʰrɯmʔ).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • lîm - literary;
  • liâm - vernacular (limited, e.g. 臨邊, 臨捷).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (139)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /liɪm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lim/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ljem/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lim/
    Li
    Rong
    /liəm/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭĕm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯əm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    lín
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    lín
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lim ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*(p.)rum/
    English look down at

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 9801
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*b·rɯm/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. to overlook; to look over
    2. to come down; to descend
    3. to arrive
    4. to face; to border; to be adjacent to
    5. to be faced with; to be confronted by
    6. to copy; to trace
    7. just before
    8. 19th hexagram of the I Ching
    9. A surname​.
    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (139)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /liɪmH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /limH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ljemH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /limH/
    Li
    Rong
    /liəmH/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭĕmH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯əmH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    lìn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 9803
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*b·rɯms/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. to mourn for a deceased person

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    variant forms

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    (Hokkien)

    1. close (to an edge)
    2. to approach; to get close to; to be almost

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. look at
    2. confront

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (rim>im) (hangeul >, revised rim>im, McCune–Reischauer rim>im, Yale lim>im)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lâm, lom)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.