Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+81E8, 臨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81E8

[U+81E7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81E9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 131 +11, in Chinese 17 strokes, in Japanese 18 strokes, cangjie input 尸中人口口 (SLORR), four-corner 78766, composition𠂉)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 999, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30087
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1451, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2802, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+81E8

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*b·rɯm, *b·rɯms
*b·rɯm
*pʰrɯmʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *b·rɯm, *b·rɯms): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *pʰrɯmʔ).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • lîm - literary;
  • liâm - vernacular (limited, e.g. 臨邊, 臨捷).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (37)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/lim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lim/
Li
Rong
/liəm/
Wang
Li
/lĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lín
Middle
Chinese
‹ lim ›
Old
Chinese
/*(p.)rum/
English look down at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9801
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*b·rɯm/
Definitions[edit]

  1. to overlook; to look over
  2. to come down; to descend
  3. to arrive
  4. to face; to border; to be adjacent to
  5. to be faced with; to be confronted by
  6. to copy; to trace
  7. just before
  8. 19th hexagram of the I Ching
  9. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (37)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liɪmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/limH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljemH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/limH/
Li
Rong
/liəmH/
Wang
Li
/lĭĕmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯əmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lìn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9803
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*b·rɯms/
Definitions[edit]

  1. to mourn for a deceased person

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Hokkien)

  1. close (to an edge)
  2. to approach; to get close to; to be almost

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. look at
  2. confront

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(rim>im) (hangeul >, revised rim>im, McCune-Reischauer rim>im, Yale lim>im)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lâm, lom)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.