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See also: 寿

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事) – an old man kneeling and praying for long life.

A rather complex character; top cognate to , bottom + . Middle originally similar to older form of , now simplified to .

Han character[edit]

(radical 33 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 土弓一戈 (GNMI), four-corner 40641, composition ⿳⿳)

  1. old age, long life
  2. lifespan

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 244, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 484, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 483, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+58FD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. 寿

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂou⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂou⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂou⁵³/
/sou⁵³/
Jinan /ʂou²¹/
Qingdao /ʃou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂou³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂou⁴⁴/
Xining /ʂɯ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂəu¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂou¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂɤu²¹³/
Wuhan /səu³⁵/
Chengdu /səu¹³/
Guiyang /səu²¹³/
Kunming /ʂəu²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂəɯ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂɯ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /səu⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʂəu³⁵/
Hohhot /səu⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zɤ¹³/
Suzhou /zɤ³¹/
Hangzhou /zei¹³/
Wenzhou /jɤu²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕiu²²/
Tunxi /ɕiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂəu⁵⁵/
/ʂəu¹¹/
Xiangtan /ʂəɯ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /sɨu²¹/
Hakka Meixian /su⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐu²²/
Nanning /sɐu²²/
Hong Kong /sɐu²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siu²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sieu²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siu³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tiu³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨuX/ /ʑi̯ə̯uX/ /ʑiuX/ /d͡ʑiuX/ /d͡ʑuwX/ /ʑĭəuX/ /d͡ʑiəuX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨuH/ /ʑi̯ə̯uH/ /ʑiuH/ /d͡ʑiuH/ /d͡ʑuwH/ /ʑĭəuH/ /d͡ʑiəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shòu ‹ dzyuwX › /*[N-t]uʔ/ longevity
shòu ‹ dzyuwH › /*[N-t]uʔ-s/ longevity

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11707 1 /*djuʔ/
11709 1 /*djus/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form 寿)

  1. longevity, long life
  2. congratulations

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Seldom used in modern Japanese. See the 寿 entry for further details.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Character[edit]

Readings[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.