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See also: 寿 and
U+58FD, 壽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58FD

[U+58FC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58FE]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese 寿
Simplified 寿
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 33, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 土弓一戈 (GNMI), four-corner 40641, composition ⿳⿳)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 244, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 484, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 483, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+58FD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. 寿
alternative forms
𡔽

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script
壽-bronze.svg 壽-silk.svg 壽-seal.svg

These forms are seen in bronze inscriptions:

  1. Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djuʔ, *djus): semantic (old) + phonetic 𢏚 (OC *du).
  2. Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djuʔ, *djus): semantic (old) + phonetic 𠷎 () (𦓃).
  3. Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djuʔ, *djus): semantic (old) + phonetic 𠼡 ().

The current traditional glyph is from the composition #3, with becoming ( + 𠾉).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂou⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂou⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂou⁵³/
/sou⁵³/
Jinan /ʂou²¹/
Qingdao /ʃou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂou³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂou⁴⁴/
Xining /ʂɯ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂəu¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂou¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂɤu²¹³/
Wuhan /səu³⁵/
Chengdu /səu¹³/
Guiyang /səu²¹³/
Kunming /ʂəu²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂəɯ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂɯ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /səu⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʂəu³⁵/
Hohhot /səu⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zɤ²³/
Suzhou /zɤ³¹/
Hangzhou /zei¹³/
Wenzhou /jɤu²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕiu²²/
Tunxi /ɕiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂəu⁵⁵/
/ʂəu¹¹/
Xiangtan /ʂəɯ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /sɨu²¹/
Hakka Meixian /su⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐu²²/
Nanning /sɐu²²/
Hong Kong /sɐu²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siu²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sieu²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siu³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tiu³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (25)
Final () (136) (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨuX/ /d͡ʑɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiuX/ /d͡ʑiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiəuX/ /d͡ʑiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑuwX/ /d͡ʑuwH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiuX/ /ʑiuH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭəuX/ /ʑĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ə̯uX/ /ʑi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shòu shòu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sau6 sau6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shòu shòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyuwX › ‹ dzyuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N-t]uʔ/ /*[N-t]uʔ-s/
English longevity longevity

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11707 11709
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djuʔ/ /*djus/

Definitions[edit]

  1. old age; long life
    雙全 / 寿双全  ―  shòushuāngquán  ―  to enjoy both felicity and longevity
  2. life; age
  3. birthday
    / 寿  ―  shòuchén  ―  birthday
    / 寿  ―  zhùshòu  ―  to congratulate a person (usually an elderly person) on his or her birthday
  4. (euphemistic) funerary (especially prepared before one's death)
    / 寿  ―  shòucái  ―  coffin prepared before one's death
    / 寿  ―  shòu  ―  burial shroud (prepared before one's death)
  5. (Wu, Cantonese) foolish; stupid; cloddish
    / 寿 [Shanghainese]  ―  [z̥ɜ²² d̥ɜ⁴⁴] [IPA]  ―  silly person; fool; idiot

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

寿

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form 寿)

  1. longevity, long life
  2. congratulations

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Seldom used in modern Japanese. See the 寿 entry for further details.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (su))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

Readings[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: thọ
: Nôm readings: thọ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.