Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+5C0B, 尋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C0B

[U+5C0A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C0C]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 41 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 尸一一口戈 (SMMRI), four-corner 17346, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 295, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7447
  • Dae Jaweon: page 586, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 510, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5C0B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
尋-oracle.svg 尋-bigseal.svg 尋-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰuːmʔ, *ljum
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l'uːm
*zluːm, *ɦljom, *ljum
*ljom, *ljum
*ljum
*ljum
*ljum
*ljum

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (work) + (mouth, talk) + (hand) – to seek out, with hands and mouth (asking).

Note that top hand is not in shape, but rather resembles ; this is an earlier form of hand (fingers); see etymology of .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: xín - dialectal and vernacular, in words such as 尋思.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕyn³⁵/
/ɕin³⁵/
Harbin /ɕyn²⁴/ ~找
/ɕin²⁴/ ~思
Tianjin /ɕin⁴⁵/
/ɕyn⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕyẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /syə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /syn⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiẽ²⁴/
Xining /ɕiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕyŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕỹn⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕyŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕin²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕyn³¹/
Guiyang /ɕin²¹/
Kunming /ɕĩ¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰin²⁴/
/sin²⁴/
/syn²⁴/
Hefei /ɕin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑiŋ²³/
Suzhou /zin¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑin²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sin¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰin²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰim¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰim¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sim³⁵/
/siam³⁵/ 量词
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sim³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (17)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ziɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/zim/
Shao
Rongfen
/zjem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zim/
Li
Rong
/ziəm/
Wang
Li
/zĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xún xún
Middle
Chinese
‹ zim › ‹ zim ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə-l[ə]m/ (< *-um ?) /*sə-l[ə]m/
English warm up measure of 8 chǐ 尺

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14127
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljum/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to seek; to search; to look for
  2. ancient
  3. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“to look for, to seek, to search for”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 尋找
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. fathom

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sim) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tầm, tìm, tùm, chầm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.