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See also:
U+5C0B, 尋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C0B

[U+5C0A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C0C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 41, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 尸一一口戈 (SMMRI), four-corner 17346, composition(GJV) or ⿳⿻(HTK))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 295, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7447
  • Dae Jaweon: page 586, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 510, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5C0B

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
尋-oracle.svg 尋-seal.svg 尋-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (work) +  (mouth, talk) +  (hand) +  (hand) – to seek out, with hands and mouth (asking).

Note that top hand is not in shape, but rather resembles ; this is an earlier form of hand (fingers); see etymology of .

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
unit of length; arm span
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-la(ː)m (armspan; fathom; cord) (STEDT). Cognate with Mizo hlam (measurement (armspan)), Burmese လှမ်း (hlam:, to reach out).
to seek; to search
Attested since the Eastern Han dynasty. (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: xín - dialectal and vernacular, in words such as 尋思 and 尋死.
Note:
  • siâm - vernacular;
  • sîm - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕyn³⁵/
    /ɕin³⁵/
    Harbin /ɕyn²⁴/ ~找
    /ɕin²⁴/ ~思
    Tianjin /ɕin⁴⁵/
    /ɕyn⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ɕyẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /syə̃⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /syn⁴²/
    Xi'an /ɕiẽ²⁴/
    Xining /ɕiə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕyŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ɕỹn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ɕyŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ɕin²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕyn³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕin²¹/
    Kunming /ɕĩ¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sʰin²⁴/
    /sin²⁴/
    /syn²⁴/
    Hefei /ɕin⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ʑiŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zin¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑin²¹³/
    Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰin⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sin¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡zin¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰin²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰim¹¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰim¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sim³⁵/
    /siam³⁵/ 量词
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sim³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (139)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ziɪm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /zim/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /zjem/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zim/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziəm/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭĕm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯əm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xín
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xún xún
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zim › ‹ zim ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə-l[ə]m/ (< *-um ?) /*sə-l[ə]m/
    English warm up measure of 8 chǐ 尺

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14127
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ljum/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to seek; to search; to look for
    2. an ancient unit of length equivalent to eight chis; arm span
    3. soon; before long
    4. A surname​.
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms

    See 尋日寻日.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese) yesterday

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. fathom

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (sim))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tầm, tìm, tùm, chầm

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.