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U+9593, 間
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9593

[U+9592]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9594]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
間-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日弓日 (ANA), four-corner 77607, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1333, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41249
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1839, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4288, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9593

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
間-bronze.svg 間-bigseal.svg 間-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kreːn, *kreːns
*kreːnʔ
*kreːns, *kraːns
*kreːns, *kraːns
*kreːn
*kreːn, *kreːns, *pkrenʔ
*kreːnʔ, *kreːns
*kreːnʔ, *ɡraːnʔ
*kʰreːn, *kʰraːn, *kʰreːd
*ɡreːn
*ɡreːn
*ɡreːn, *ɡraːnʔ
*ɡraːnʔ
*ɡraːnʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (door) + (sun). Originally , moonlight peeking through a door, thus “between”.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • keng - vernacular;
  • kan - literary.
Note:
  • 1ke - vernacular;
  • 1ji - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨn/
Li
Rong
/kɛn/
Wang
Li
/kæn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛn ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤre[n]/
English interval

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 6226
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːn/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. room
  2. within a definite time period or place
  3. section of a room; lateral space between two pairs of pillars
  4. among; between
  5. Classifier for smallest units of housing, such as rooms and shopfronts.
  6. (Cantonese) Classifier for buildings in general, including schools, banks, cinemas, hospitals, shops, factories.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (73)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚænH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨnH/
Li
Rong
/kɛnH/
Wang
Li
/kænH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kănH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛn ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤre[n]/
English 間關 sound of a chariot"s linchpin (Ode 218.1)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 6228
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːns/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. opening; gap; break
  2. to separate; to partition
  3. to alternate

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Ryakuji for 間, based on ryakuji for ; compare also .

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 6391
  • Halpern: 3323
  • Halpern Learners: 2094
  • Heisig: 1620
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 8e4.3
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あいだ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あいだ, romaji aida, historical hiragana あひだ)

  1. a space
  2. a while; an interval
  3. between
  4. during
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. space; room
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
あい
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あい, romaji ai, historical hiragana あひ)

  1. interval

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (kɛn, interval).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. interval

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gan, McCune-Reischauer: kan, Yale: kan)
  • Name (hangeul): 사이 (revised: sai, McCune-Reischauer: sai)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gian, dán, gián)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]