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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
間-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Originally .

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日弓日 (ANA), four-corner 77607, composition)

  1. interval, space
  2. place, between
  3. spacial concept experienced in between what the viewer sees and how the viewer perceives it.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1333, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41249
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1839, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4288, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9593

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣɛnH/ /kănH/ /kɛnH/ /kɯænH/ /kəɨnH/ /kænH/ /kænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiān ‹ kɛn › /*kˤre[n]/ interval
jiān ‹ kɛn › /*kˤre[n]/ 間關 sound of a chariot's linchpin (Ode 218.1)
xián ‹ hɛn › /*N-kˤre[n]/ idle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6226 2 /*kreːn/ 原作閒同說文
6228 2 /*kreːns/ 閒後起字體

Noun[edit]

  1. room
  2. within a definite time period or place
  3. section of a room; lateral space between two pairs of pillars

Postposition[edit]

  1. among; between

Classifier[edit]

  1. classifier for houses and other buildings

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Noun[edit]

  1. opening; gap; break

Verb[edit]

  1. to separate
  2. to alternate

References[edit]

  • (Mandarin) “間”, in Guoyu Cidian On-line Mandarin Dictionary (國語辭典)[1] (in Mandarin), accessed 2011-10-19
  • (Min Nan)Entry #9175”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.

Japanese[edit]

Ryakuji for 間, based on ryakuji for ; compare also .

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 6391
  • Halpern: 3323
  • Halpern Learners: 2094
  • Heisig: 1620
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 8e4.3
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あいだ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あいだ, romaji aida, historical hiragana あひだ)

  1. a space
  2. a while; an interval
  3. between
  4. during
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. space; room
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
あい
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あい, romaji ai, historical hiragana あひ)

  1. interval

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(kɛn, interval).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. interval

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gan, McCune-Reischauer: kan, Yale: kan)
  • Name (hangeul): 사이 (revised: sai, McCune-Reischauer: sai)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gian, dán, gián)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]