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U+9593, 間
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9593

[U+9592]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9594]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
12 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 169, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日弓日 (ANA), four-corner 77607, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1333, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41249
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1839, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4288, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9593

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
間-bronze.svg 間-seal.svg 間-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kreːn, *kreːns
*kreːnʔ
*kreːns, *kraːns
*kreːns, *kraːns
*kreːn
*kreːn, *kreːns, *pkrenʔ
*kreːnʔ, *kreːns
*kreːnʔ, *ɡraːnʔ
*kʰreːn, *kʰraːn, *kʰreːd
*ɡreːn
*ɡreːn
*ɡreːn, *ɡraːnʔ
*ɡraːnʔ
*ɡraːnʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (door) +  (sun). Originally , moonlight peeking through a door – interstice; space.

Etymology[edit]

The two pronunciations are related, with Pronunciation 2 being the exoactive of Pronunciation 1.

Related to:

Externally, likely related to Mizo kâr (space between; interval), Burmese ကြား (kra:, in-between; interval; interim), အကြား (a.kra:, gap; break) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • keng/kuiⁿ/kaiⁿ - vernacular (“room, classifier”);
    • kan - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • goin1/gain1 - vernacular (“room, classifier”);
    • gang1 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 1ke - vernacular;
    • 1ji - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (73)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠɛn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚæn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kəɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /kæn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kăn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kɛn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˤre[n]/
    English interval

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 6226
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kreːn/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. within a definite time period or place
    2. among; between
    3. a moment; a little while; instant
    4. room; chamber
    5. section of a room; lateral space between two pairs of pillars
    6. Classifier for smallest units of housing, such as rooms and shopfronts.
    7. (chiefly Cantonese) Classifier for buildings in general, including schools, banks, cinemas, hospitals, shops, factories.
    8. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (73)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠɛnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚænH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kəɨnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kænH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kănH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kɛn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˤre[n]/
    English 間關 sound of a chariot"s linchpin (Ode 218.1)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 6228
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kreːns/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. opening; gap; break
    2. estrangement; alienation; hostility
    3. spy; secret agent
    4. to keep away from; to keep apart
    5. to separate; to partition
    6. to alternate; to do something alternately
    7. to be mixed up with; to be intermingled
    8. to sow discord
    9. to blame; to reproach
    10. intermittently; sometimes
    11. in secret; clandestinely

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Ryakuji for 間, based on ryakuji for ; compare also .

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • New Nelson: 6391
    • Halpern: 3323
    • Halpern Learners: 2094
    • Heisig: 1620
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 8e4.3
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あいだ
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あいだ, rōmaji aida, historical hiragana あひだ)

    1. a space
    2. a while; an interval
    3. between
    4. during
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ma)

    1. space; room
    Derived terms[edit]
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あい
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あい, rōmaji ai, historical hiragana あひ)

    1. interval

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (kɛn, interval).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かん, rōmaji kan)

    1. interval

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gan)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gan, McCune–Reischauer: kan, Yale: kan)
      • Name (hangeul): 사이 (revised: sai, McCune–Reischauer: sai)
    1. A second, a moment.
    1. A period of time, when suffixed to a word for time, e.g., 한 시 (one hour of time), 세 주 (a period of three weeks).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (gian, dán, gián)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]