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U+8D77, 起
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8D77

[U+8D76]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8D78]
起 U+2F9D7, 起
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F9D7
贛
[U+2F9D6]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𧼯
[U+2F9D8]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
起-bw.png
Stroke order
起-order.gif
Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

The component in the top right corner is written as according to Hong Kong and Taiwan standards (traditional Chinese script) and according to the writing standards of mainland China (simplified Chinese), Japan, Korea and Vietnam.

Han character[edit]

(radical 156 +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 土人口山 (GORU) or 土人尸山 (GOSU), four-corner 47801, composition(HT) or ⿺(GJKV))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1215, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37048
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1683, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3476, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8D77

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
起-bigseal.svg 起-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljɯʔ, *lɯs
*ljɯʔ
*ljɯʔ
*zrɯʔ
*kʰɯʔ
*qʰlɯ
*qʰlɯ, *lɯ
*lɯ
*lɯ, *lɯs
*lɯ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰɯʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ljɯʔ, *lɯs).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨX/
Li
Rong
/kʰiəX/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12011
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to rise; to go up; to move up
  2. to stand up; to rise
  3. to break out; to grow
  4. to start; to begin; to become; to take
  5. to initiate; to instigate; to trigger off
  6. (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Wu) to construct; to build
    線路 / 线路  ―  jǐn kǎi xiànlù  ―  routes currently being built
  7. to prepare; to draw up; to come up with
  8. to extract; to pull out; to remove
    螺絲 / 螺丝  ―  luósī   ―  screwdriver
  9. (in /……起 structures) from
  10. particle placed after verbs to indicate upward movement; ... up
      ―    ―  to pick up; to lift
  11. particle placed after verbs to indicate the beginning of a continued action
  12. (used with or after verbs) up to a certain standard; to be able to stand or afford
  13. particle placed after verbs to indicate the involvement of a person or thing in the action
  14. Classifier for incidents: cases
  15. Classifier for batches or groups.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to rise, to wake up
  2. to rise, to stand up

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khởi, khỉ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.