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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
起-bw.png
Stroke order
起-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

The component in the top right corner can be or .

Han character[edit]

(radical 156 +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 土人口山 (GORU) or 土人尸山 (GOSU), four-corner 47801, composition or ⿺)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1215, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37048
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1683, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3476, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8D77

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
起-bigseal.svg 起-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰɯʔ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kɯʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨX/
Li
Rong
/kʰiəX/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12011
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to rise; to go up; to move up
  2. to stand up; to rise
  3. to break out; to grow
  4. to start; to begin; to become; to take
  5. to initiate; to instigate; to trigger off
  6. (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Wu) to construct; to build
    線路 / 线路  ―  jǐn kǎi xiànlù  ―  routes currently being built
  7. to prepare; to draw up; to come up with
  8. to extract; to pull out; to remove
  9. (in /……起 structures) from
  10. particle placed after verbs to indicate upward movement; ... up
  11. particle placed after verbs to indicate the beginning of a continued action
  12. (used with or after verbs) up to a certain standard; to be able to stand or afford
  13. particle placed after verbs to indicate the involvement of a person or thing in the action
  14. Classifier for incidents.
  15. Classifier for batches or groups.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to rise, to wake up
  2. to rise, to stand up

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khởi, khỉ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.