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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
修-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *slɯw):  + 

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +7 in Chinese, 人+8 in Japanese, in Chinese 9 strokes, in Japanese 10 strokes, cangjie input 人中人竹 (OLOH), four-corner 28222, composition ⿰⿰ (G) or ⿰⿰ (TJKV))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 106, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 225, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 159, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4FEE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final: (136)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xiū
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɨu/ /siu/ /siəu/ /suw/ /siu/ /sĭəu/ /si̯ə̯u/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiū ‹ sjuw › /*s-liw/ adorn

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15475 2 /*slɯw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to decorate, to embellish
  2. to repair, to mend
  3. to study, to cultivate

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. discipline
  2. conduct oneself well
  3. study
  4. master

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おさむ, romaji Osamu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tu, khương)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.