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See also:
U+4FEE, 修
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FEE

[U+4FED]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FEF]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +7 in Chinese, 人+8 in Japanese, 9 strokes in Chinese, 10 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 人中人竹 (OLOH), four-corner 28222, composition(G) or ⿲(HTJKV))

Usage notes[edit]

  • Note that in Korean, Japanese and Traditional Chinese scripts, this character is written with ten strokes (as seen in the Kangxi Dictionary) rather than nine as in Simplified. The difference is in the component vs. .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 106, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 225, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 159, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4FEE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
修-seal.svg 修-bigseal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *slɯw): phonetic (OC *lɯw) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/siu/
Shao
Rongfen
/siəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/suw/
Li
Rong
/siu/
Wang
Li
/sĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiū
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sau1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-liw/
English adorn

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15475
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*slɯw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to decorate; to embellish
  2. to repair; to mend
  3. (education) to study; to cultivate; to take a course
  4. tall; slim
  5. Short for 修正主義修正主义 (xiūzhèngzhǔyì). revisionism

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to repair):
edit

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. discipline
  2. conduct oneself well
  3. study
  4. master

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(おさむ) (Osamu

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 닦을 (dakkeul su))

  1. Hanja form? of (discipline).

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: tu
: Nôm readings: tu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.