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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹日戈中 (HAIL), four-corner 88727, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 891, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26102
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1318, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2976, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7BC0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsiːɡ): semantic  ‎(bamboo) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ʔsɯɡ)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsik.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɛ³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕiɛ²¹³/ ~日
/t͡ɕiɛ⁴⁴/ ~骨眼兒
Tianjin /t͡ɕie⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕiə²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡siə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡siɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiɛ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕie¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕie²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕie³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕie²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sieʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡siəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡seʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡siɛ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sie²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sie²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡siet̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡siet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sit̚³/
Nanning /t͡sit̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sit̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siat̚³²/
/t͡sat̚³²/ 一~课
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai²⁴/ 五一~
/t͡siɛ²⁴/ 動,~約
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siak̚²/
/t͡sak̚²/
/t͡soiʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sit̚⁵/
/t͡se⁵⁵/
/tak̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (13)
Final: (87)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jie
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡set̚/ /t͡set̚/ /t͡sɛt̚/ /t͡sɛt̚/ /t͡set̚/ /t͡siet̚/ /t͡siet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jié ‹ tset › /*tsˤik/ joint

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5713 2 /*ʔsiːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. knot; node
  2. joint
  3. segment
  4. link
  5. backbone; integrity; drive; spirit; ambition
  6. circumstances; details; particulars
  7. time period; season; division of time
  8. festival; celebration; holiday; - Day
    聖誕 / 圣诞  ―  shèngdànjiē  ―  Christmas
  9. etiquette; formality
  10. (historical) Abbreviation of 符節符节 (“tally”).
  11. (music) beat; rhythm
  12. (unit of speed) knot
  13. Classifier for segments, such as batteries, lessons, train carriages, paragraphs, etc.  all nouns using this classifier
  14. 60th hexagram of the I Ching.
  15. to constrain; to limit; to control
  16. to save; to use sparingly
  17. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. node
  2. joint; section
  3. season
  4. verse (part of a song), stanza (part of a poem)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふし
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふし, romaji fushi)

  1. a knuckle, a joint
  2. melody
    Aにふしをつける
    A ni fushi o tsukeru
    set A to tune
  3. point

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
せつ
Grade: 4
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana せつ, romaji setsu)

  1. occasion, time
  2. a person's principles
  3. paragraph, stanza, clause

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeol) (hangeul , revised jeol, McCune-Reischauer chŏl, Yale cel)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Usage notes[edit]

As a suffix, it can mean day.


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiết, tét, tết, tít, tịt, típ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.