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U+7BC0, 節
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7BC0
箿
[U+7BBF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7BC1]

U+FA56, 節
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA56

[U+FA55]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA57]
U+FAAD, 節
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FAAD

[U+FAAC]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FAAE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 118, +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹日戈中 (HAIL), four-corner 88727, composition 𥫗)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 891, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26102
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1318, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2976, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7BC0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms “tally”
𠁾

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States
Bronze inscriptions

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ʔsiːɡ): semantic (bamboo) + phonetic (OC *ʔsɯɡ).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsik.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chat, choeh/cheh - vernacular;
  • chiat - literary.
Note:
  • zag4 - literary;
  • zoih4 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɛ³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕiɛ²¹³/ ~日
    /t͡ɕiɛ⁴⁴/ ~骨眼兒
    Tianjin /t͡ɕie⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiə²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡siə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡siɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiɛ²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕie¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕiə¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕie²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕie³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕie²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sieʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕiaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡siəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕi²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡seʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡siɛ⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sie²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sie²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡siet̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡siet̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sit̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sit̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sit̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siat̚³²/
    /t͡sat̚³²/ 一~课
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai²⁴/ 五一~
    /t͡siɛ²⁴/ 動,~約
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siak̚²/
    /t͡sak̚²/
    /t͡soiʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sit̚⁵/
    /t͡se⁵⁵/
    /tak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (87)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Baxter tset
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡set̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡set̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sɛt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sɛt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡set̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡siet̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡siet̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jie
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zit3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jié
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tset ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tsˁik/
    English joint

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5713
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsiːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. knot; node
    2. joint
    3. segment
    4. link
    5. backbone; integrity; drive; spirit; ambition
    6. circumstances; details; particulars
    7. solar term (in the Chinese lunisolar calendar)
    8. time period; season; division
    9. festival; celebration; holiday; - Day
      聖誕圣诞  ―  shèngdànjié  ―  Christmas
    10. etiquette; formality
    11. (of law or treaty) section
      第三國家機構第一全國人民代表大會五十七中華人民共和国全國人民代表大會 [MSC, trad.]
      第三国家机构第一全国人民代表大会五十七中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会 [MSC, simp.]
      Dìsān zhāng guójiā jīgòu Dìyī jié Quánguórénmíndàibiǎodàhuì Dì wǔshíqī tiáo Zhōnghuárénmíngònghéguó Quánguórénmíndàibiǎodàhuì [Pinyin]
      Chapter III The Structure of the State; Section 1 The National People's Congress; Article 57 The National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China (from the Constitution of the People's Republic of China)
    12. (historical) Short for 符節符节 (fújié, “tally used as proof of authorization”).
    13. (music) beat; rhythm
    14. (unit of speed) knot
    15. Classifier for segments, such as batteries, lessons, train carriages, paragraphs, etc.all nouns using this classifier
    16. 60th hexagram () of the I Ching.
    17. to constrain; to limit; to control
    18. to save; to use sparingly
    19. a surname

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai
    Kyūjitai
    [1]


    &#xFA56;
    or
    +&#xFE00;?
    節󠄁
    +&#xE0101;?
    (Adobe-Japan1)
    節󠄅
    +&#xE0105;?
    (Hanyo-Denshi)
    (Moji_Joho)
    節󠄂
    +&#xE0102;?
    (Adobe-Japan1)
    節󠄄
    +&#xE0104;?
    (Hanyo-Denshi)
    (Moji_Joho)
    The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
    See here for details.

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

    1. node
    2. joint; section
    3. season
    4. verse (part of a song), stanza (part of a poem)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ふし
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling
    (kyūjitai)

    From Old Japanese (ふし, pusi); attested in the Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki of 794 as 布之.[2][3] In turn, from Proto-Japonic *pusi. Possibly derived from Old Japanese (ふ, pu).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ふし) (fushi

    1. a knuckle, a joint
    2. melody
      A(エー)(ふし)をつけるē ni fushi o tsukeruset A to tune
    3. point
    4. section

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    せつ
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi
    Alternative spelling
    (kyūjitai)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (せつ) (setsu

    1. occasion, time
    2. a person's principles
    3. paragraph, stanza, clause

    References[edit]

    1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024
    2. 2.0 2.1 ふし 【節】”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten) Paid subscription required[2] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, released online 2007, →ISBN, concise edition entry available here (Note: Dialectal meanings, etymological theories, pronunciation including modern, dialectal, and historical information, Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai, historical dictionaries containing this word, and the kanji spellings in those dictionaries have been omitted.)
    3. ^ Omodaka, Hisataka (1967) 時代別国語大辞典 上代編 [The dictionary of historical Japanese: Old Japanese] (in Japanese), →ISBN, page 633
    4. ^ Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    5. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
    6. 6.0 6.1 Kyōsuke Kindaichi, Haruhiko Kindaichi, Hidetoshi Kenbō, Takeshi Shibata, and Tadao Yamada, editors (1974) 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Second edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC tset).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 마디 (madi jeol))

    1. Hanja form? of (node; joint; incision).
    2. Hanja form? of (verse; beat).
    3. Hanja form? of (anniversary).
    4. Hanja form? of (etiquette).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [4]

    Okinawan[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (ふし) (fushi).

    Noun[edit]

    (ぶし) (bushi

    1. a song, poem, or musical piece
    2. a term used in titles to denote a poetic or musical piece
      (あかちち)(ぶし)
      akachichi bushi
      Dawn song (a traditional Okinawan musical piece)

    References[edit]

    • ぶし【節】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Proto-Japonic *pusi. Perhaps from pu below.

    Noun[edit]

    (pusi) (kana ふし)

    1. joint
      朝暮爾滿來潮之八隔浪爾靡珠藻乃間毛惜命乎露霜之過麻之爾家礼
      ASA YO1PI1 ni MI1TIKURU SIPO NO2 YApe1NAMI1 ni NABI1KU TAMAMO no2 PUSI NO2 MA mo WOSIKI1 INO2TI wo TUYUSIMO NO2 SUGI2masinike1re
      In morning and evening, in the many waves of the full tide, the precious bowing seaweed's joint must also pass by the dew and frost's precious life!
    2. reasoning
      文理 合文也 又理者云布之又天文地理也
      Reasoning (lit. put in a reason or add to a reason), this process is called pusi, and also said of heaven and earth.
    Descendants[edit]
    • Japanese: (fushi)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (pu) (kana )

    1. joint
      • 720, Nihon Shoki, (poem 91, first variant):
        於彌能姑能耶能之魔柯枳始陀騰余瀰那爲我與釐拠魔耶黎夢之魔柯枳
        omi1 no2 ko1 no2 yapu no2 sibakaki1 sita to2yo2mi1 nawi ga yo2riko2ba yaremu sibakaki1
        The eight-fold fastening fence Of the Omi's child Should an earthquake come, shaking, Reverberating below, 'Twill be a ruined fastening fence.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tiết

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.