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U+7A81, 突
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A81

[U+7A80]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A82]
U+FA55, 突
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA55

[U+FA54]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA56]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note that in Japanese shinjitai, the bottom component is and not .

Han character[edit]

(radical 116, +4 in Chinese, 穴+3 in Japanese, 9 strokes in Chinese, 8 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 十金戈大 (JCIK), four-corner 30430, composition(GHTKV) or ⿱(J))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 863, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25424
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1291, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2722, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7A81

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
突-oracle.svg 突-seal.svg 突-bigseal.svg

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰu⁵⁵/
Harbin /tʰu⁴⁴/
/tʰu²⁴/
Tianjin /tʰu²¹/
Jinan /tu²¹³/
Qingdao /tu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tʰu²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰu⁵³/
Xining /tʰv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰu¹³/
Lanzhou /tʰu⁵³/
Ürümqi /tʰu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /tʰu³¹/
Guiyang /tʰu²¹/
Kunming /tʰu³¹/
Nanjing /tʰuʔ⁵/
Hefei /tʰuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰuəʔ²/
Pingyao /tʰuʌʔ¹³/
/tuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /tʰuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /dəʔ¹/
Suzhou /dəʔ³/
Hangzhou /dəʔ²/
Wenzhou /dø²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tʰuʔ²¹/
/tʰeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /tʰə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /tʰəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /tʰəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /tʰɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /tʰut̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʰut̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tɐk̚²/
Nanning /tɐt̚²²/
Hong Kong /tɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tut̚⁵/
/tʰut̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tuk̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (7) (6)
Final () (56) (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duət̚/ /tʰuət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/duot̚/ /tʰuot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/duət̚/ /tʰuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dwət̚/ /tʰwət̚/
Li
Rong
/duət̚/ /tʰuət̚/
Wang
Li
/duət̚/ /tʰuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuət̚/ /tʰuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dwot › ‹ thwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-tʰˁut/ /*tʰˁut/
English burst through break through; suddenly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12486 12488
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰuːd/ /*duːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to dash forward
  2. to stick out
  3. suddenly; abruptly; unexpectedly
  4. chug
  5. pit-a-pat

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

A CJK compatibility ideograph (U+FA55) exists for the kyūjitai form of .


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC duət̚, tʰuət̚).

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 갑자기 (gapjagi dol))

  1. Hanja form? of (dash; clash).
  2. Hanja form? of (sudden).
  3. Hanja form? of (protrusion; penetration; piercing).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đột, đuột, sột, tọt, chặt, chợt, dột, đợt, đụt, lọt, mất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.