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U+7A81, 突
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A81

[U+7A80]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A82]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
突-oracle.svg 突-bigseal.svg 突-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰuːd, *duːd
*tʰuːd
*duːd
*duːd
*duːd
*duːd
*duːd

Han character[edit]

(radical 116 +4 in Chinese, 穴+3 in Japanese, in Chinese 9 strokes, in Japanese 8 strokes, cangjie input 十金戈大 (JCIK), four-corner 30430, composition or ⿱)

  1. suddenly, abruptly, unexpectedly

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 863, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25424
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1291, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2722, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7A81

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰu⁵⁵/
Harbin /tʰu⁴⁴/
/tʰu²⁴/
Tianjin /tʰu²¹/
Jinan /tu²¹³/
Qingdao /tu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tʰu²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰu⁵³/
Xining /tʰv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰu¹³/
Lanzhou /tʰu⁵³/
Ürümqi /tʰu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /tʰu³¹/
Guiyang /tʰu²¹/
Kunming /tʰu³¹/
Nanjing /tʰuʔ⁵/
Hefei /tʰuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰuəʔ²/
Pingyao /tʰuʌʔ¹³/
/tuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /tʰuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /dəʔ¹/
Suzhou /dəʔ³/
Hangzhou /dəʔ²/
Wenzhou /dø²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tʰuʔ²¹/
/tʰeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /tʰə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /tʰəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /tʰəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /tʰɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /tʰut̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʰut̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tɐk̚²/
Nanning /tɐt̚²²/
Hong Kong /tɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tut̚⁵/
/tʰut̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tuk̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/duot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/duət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dwət̚/
Li
Rong
/duət̚/
Wang
Li
/duət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dwot › ‹ thwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-tʰˤut/ /*tʰˤut/
English burst through break through; suddenly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12486 12488
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰuːd/ /*duːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 突然 (とつぜん, totsuzen)
  • 煙突 (えんとつ, entotsu)
  • 衝突 (しょうとつ, shoutotsu)
  • 突端 (とったん, tottan)
  • 突破 (とっぱ, toppa)
  • 突走る (つっぱしる, tsuppashiru)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dol) (hangeul , revised dol, McCune-Reischauer tol, Yale tol)

  1. dash, clash, eg., 돌격, 돌진, 충돌
  2. protrusion, eg., 돌기, 돌출
  3. flue, chimney, eg., 온돌, 연돌
  4. penetration, piercing, eg., 돌파, 연돌
  5. fierce horse, eg., perhaps 돌궐
  6. sudden, eg., 돌발, 돌변, 돌연, 돌풍

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đột, đuột, sột, tọt, chặt, chợt, dột, đợt, đụt, lọt, mất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.