Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
突-oracle.svg 突-bigseal.svg 突-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 116 +4 in Chinese, 穴+3 in Japanese, in Chinese 9 strokes, in Japanese 8 strokes, cangjie input 十金戈大 (JCIK), four-corner 30430, composition or ⿱)

  1. suddenly, abruptly, unexpectedly

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 863, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25424
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1291, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2722, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7A81

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰu⁵⁵/
Harbin /tʰu⁴⁴/
/tʰu²⁴/
Tianjin /tʰu²¹/
Jinan /tu²¹³/
Qingdao /tu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tʰu²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰu⁵³/
Xining /tʰv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰu¹³/
Lanzhou /tʰu⁵³/
Ürümqi /tʰu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /tʰu³¹/
Guiyang /tʰu²¹/
Kunming /tʰu³¹/
Nanjing /tʰuʔ⁵/
Hefei /tʰuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰuəʔ²/
Pingyao /tʰuʌʔ¹³/
/tuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /tʰuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /dəʔ¹/
Suzhou /dəʔ³/
Hangzhou /dəʔ²/
Wenzhou /dø²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tʰuʔ²¹/
/tʰeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /tʰə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /tʰəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /tʰəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /tʰɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /tʰut̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʰut̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tɐk̚²/
Nanning /tɐt̚²²/
Hong Kong /tɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tut̚⁵/
/tʰut̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tuk̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (7)
Final: (56)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dú
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/duət̚/ /duot̚/ /duət̚/ /dwət̚/ /duət̚/ /duət̚/ /dʱuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dwot › /*m-tʰˤut/ burst through
‹ thwot › /*tʰˤut/ break through; suddenly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12486 2 /*tʰuːd/
12488 2 /*duːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 突然 (とつぜん, totsuzen)
  • 煙突 (えんとつ, entotsu)
  • 衝突 (しょうとつ, shoutotsu)
  • 突端 (とったん, tottan)
  • 突破 (とっぱ, toppa)
  • 突走る (つっぱしる, tsuppashiru)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dol) (hangeul , revised dol, McCune-Reischauer tol, Yale tol)

  1. dash, clash, eg., 돌격, 돌진, 충돌
  2. protrusion, eg., 돌기, 돌출
  3. flue, chimney, eg., 온돌, 연돌
  4. penetration, piercing, eg., 돌파, 연돌
  5. fierce horse, eg., perhaps 돌궐
  6. sudden, eg., 돌발, 돌변, 돌연, 돌풍

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đột, đuột, sột, tọt, chặt, chợt, dột, đợt, đụt, lọt, mất)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.