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U+9673, 陳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9673

[U+9672]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9674]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Taiwanese stroke order
陳-tbw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中木田 (NLDW), four-corner 75296, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1353, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41698
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1856, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4136, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9673

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
Wikipedia has an article on:
陳姓

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
陳-bronze.svg 陳-bigseal.svg 陳-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'iŋ, *l'iŋs
*l'iŋ, *l'iŋs
*l'iŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'iŋ, *l'iŋs): semantic  (mound) + phonetic  (OC *toːŋ) – to display; to arrange.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • tân - vernacular;
  • tîn - literary.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: dang5 / ting5 / cing5 / ding5
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tâng / thîng / tshîng / tîng
    • IPA (key): /taŋ⁵⁵/, /tʰiŋ⁵⁵/, /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/, /tiŋ⁵⁵/
Note:
  • dang5 - surname, state, dynasty;
  • ting5 - “to exhibit; to display; to explain; old”;
  • cing5 - used in 陳皮;
  • ding5 - used in 鋪陳 (“bedding”).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨn²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰən¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tin³⁵/
/tan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /teiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/taŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/
/ʔdaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (11)
Final () (44)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡien/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖjin/
Li
Rong
/ȡjĕn/
Wang
Li
/ȡǐĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén
Middle
Chinese
‹ drin ›
Old
Chinese
/*lri[n]/
English arrange

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1392
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'iŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to exhibit; to display
    /   ―  chénshè  ―  to exhibit
  2. to explain
    /   ―  chénshù  ―  to describe
  3. old; ancient
    /   ―  chénnián  ―  old
  4. () (historical) state of Chen (vassal state during the Zhou dynasty)
  5. (~朝) (historical) Chen dynasty
  6. A surname​, listed tenth in the Baijiaxing: Chen, Chan, Chun, Chin, Tan, Gin

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

Pronunciation 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. display
  2. plead

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ちん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (/ɖˠiɪn/, surname and place name).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ちん, rōmaji Chin)

  1. Chen dynasty
  2. Chen (state)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひね
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひね, rōmaji hine)

  1. aging
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. To spread, to lay out, to unfold.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trần, trận, rần, trằn, trườn, chằn, dằn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999