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U+9673, 陳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9673

[U+9672]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9674]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Taiwanese stroke order
陳-tbw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中木田 (NLDW), four-corner 75296, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1353, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41698
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1856, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4136, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9673

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
Wikipedia has an article on:
陳姓

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
陳-bronze.svg 陳-bigseal.svg 陳-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'iŋ, *l'iŋs
*l'iŋ, *l'iŋs
*l'iŋs

Ideogram (指事) - + . This character was originally a proper noun of some sort, and is believed to be the name of an ancient city.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tân - vernacular;
  • tîn - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨn²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰən¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tin³⁵/
/tan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /teiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/taŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/
/ʔdaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (11) (11)
Final () (44) (44)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiɪn/ /ɖˠiɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚin/ /ɖᵚinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡien/ /ȡienH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖjin/ /ɖjinH/
Li
Rong
/ȡjĕn/ /ȡjĕnH/
Wang
Li
/ȡǐĕn/ /ȡǐĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ĕn/ /ȡʱi̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén zhèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén zhèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ drin › ‹ drinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*lri[n]/ /*lri[n]-s/
English arrange battle array

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1392 1395
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'iŋ/ /*l'iŋs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to exhibit; display
    /   ―  chénshè  ―  to exhibit
  2. to explain
    /   ―  chénshù  ―  to describe
  3. old; ancient
    /   ―  chénnián  ―  old
  4. (~) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  5. A surname​, listed tenth in the Baijiaxing: Chen, Chan, Chun, Chin, Tan, Gin
See also[edit]
Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. display
  2. plead

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ちん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (/ɖˠiɪn/, surname and place name).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ちん, romaji Chin)

  1. Chen dynasty
  2. Chen (state)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひね
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひね, romaji hine)

  1. aging
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. To spread, to lay out, to unfold.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trần, trận, rần, trằn, trườn, chằn, dằn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999