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See also:
U+9673, 陳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9673

[U+9672]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9674]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order (Taiwan)
11 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 170, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中木田 (NLDW), four-corner 75296, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1353, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41698
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1856, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4136, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9673

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms
Wikipedia has an article on:
陳姓

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
陳-bronze.svg 陳-seal.svg 陳-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'iŋ, *l'iŋs
*l'iŋ, *l'iŋs
*l'iŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'iŋ, *l'iŋs): semantic  (mound) + phonetic  (OC *toːŋ) – to display; to arrange.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • tân - vernacular;
  • tîn - literary.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: dang5 / ting5 / cing5 / ding5
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tâng / thîng / tshîng / tîng
    • IPA (key): /taŋ⁵⁵/, /tʰiŋ⁵⁵/, /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/, /tiŋ⁵⁵/
Note:
  • dang5 - surname, state, dynasty;
  • ting5 - “to exhibit; to display; to explain; old”;
  • cing5 - used in 陳皮;
  • ding5 - used in 鋪陳 (“bedding”).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
    /t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zən¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡zaŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨn²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰən¹¹/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰen¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tin³⁵/
    /tan³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /teiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    /tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    /taŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/
    /ʔdaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (44)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠiɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡien/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖjin/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡjĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡǐĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯ĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chén
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chén
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lri[n]/
    English arrange

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 1392
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'iŋ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to exhibit; to display
      /   ―  chénshè  ―  to exhibit
    2. to explain
      /   ―  chénshù  ―  to describe
    3. old; ancient
      /   ―  chénnián  ―  old
    4. () (historical) state of Chen (vassal state during the Zhou dynasty)
    5. (~朝) (historical) Chen dynasty
    6. A surname​, listed tenth in the Baijiaxing: Chen, Chan, Chun, Chin, Tan, Gin

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
    Name Time period Divisions
    Xia
    (~朝, ~代)
    2070 – 1600 BCE
    Shang
    (~朝, ~代)
    (~朝, ~代)
    1600 – 1046 BCE
    Zhou
    (~朝, ~代)
    1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
    西周
    Eastern Zhou
    東周东周
    Spring and Autumn period
    春秋
    Warring States period
    戰國战国
    Qin
    (~朝, ~代)
    221 – 206 BCE
    Han
    (~朝, ~代)
    206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
    西漢西汉
    Xin
    (~朝)
    Eastern Han
    東漢东汉
    Three Kingdoms
    三國三国
    220 – 280 CE Wei
    Shu
    Wu
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    265 – 420 CE Western Jin
    西晉西晋
    Eastern Jin
    東晉东晋
    Southern and Northern dynasties
    南北朝
    420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
    北朝
    Northern Wei
    北魏
    Western Wei
    西魏
    Eastern Wei
    東魏东魏
    Northern Zhou
    北周
    Northern Qi
    北齊北齐
    Southern dynasties
    南朝
    Liu Song
    劉宋刘宋
    Southern Qi
    南齊南齐
    Liang
    (~朝, ~代)
    Chen
    (~朝, ~代)
    Sui
    (~朝, ~代)
    581 – 618 CE
    Tang
    (~朝, ~代)
    618 – 907 CE
    Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
    五代十國五代十国
    907 – 960 CE
    Liao
    (~朝, ~代)
    907 – 1125 CE
    Song
    (~朝, ~代)
    960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
    北宋
    Southern Song
    南宋
    Western Xia
    西夏
    1038 – 1227 CE
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    1115 – 1234 CE
    Western Liao
    西遼西辽
    1124 – 1218 CE
    Yuan
    (~朝, ~代)
    1271 – 1368 CE
    Ming
    (~朝, ~代)
    1368 – 1644 CE
    Qing
    (~朝, ~代)
    1636 – 1912 CE

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“short moment of time; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. display
    2. plead

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    ちん
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɖˠiɪn, ɖˠiɪnH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana ちん, rōmaji Chin)

    1. Chen dynasty
    2. Chen (state)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひね
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ひね, rōmaji hine)

    1. aging
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune–Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

    1. To spread, to lay out, to unfold.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trần, trận, rần, trằn, trườn, chằn, dằn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999