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Translingual[edit]

Taiwanese stroke order
陳-tbw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
陳-bronze.svg 陳-bigseal.svg 陳-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) - + . This character was originally a proper noun of some sort, and is believed to be the name of an ancient city.

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中木田 (NLDW), four-corner 75296, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1353, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41698
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1856, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4136, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9673

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨn²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰən¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tin³⁵/
/tan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /teiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/taŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/
/ʔdaŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (11)
Final: (44)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chén
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖɣiɪn/ /ɖɯin/ /ȡien/ /ɖjin/ /ȡjĕn/ /ȡǐĕn/ /ȡʱi̯ĕn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (11)
Final: (44)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhèn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖɣiɪnH/ /ɖɯinH/ /ȡienH/ /ɖjinH/ /ȡjĕnH/ /ȡǐĕnH/ /ȡʱi̯ĕnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chén ‹ drin › /*lri[n]/ arrange
zhèn ‹ drinH › /*lri[n]-s/ battle array

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1392 2 /*l'iŋ/
1395 2 /*l'iŋs/

Verb[edit]

  1. to exhibit, display
    陳設陈设
  2. (only used in compounds) To explain.
    /   ―  chénshù  ―  to describe

Adjective[edit]

  1. (only used in compounds) Old, ancient.
    /   ―  chénnián  ―  old
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​., listed tenth in the Baijiaxing
Descendants[edit]
  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Tan

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨn²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰən¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tin³⁵/
/tan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /teiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/taŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/
/ʔdaŋ³¹/

Noun[edit]

  1. Alternative form of

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. To spread, to lay out, to unfold.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trần, trận, rần, trằn, trườn, chằn, dằn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999