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See also: , , and
U+664B, 晋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-664B

[U+664A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+664C]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 72, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一金日 (MCA), composition)

  1. advance, increase
  2. promote
  3. Chinese feudal state of Jin (11th century BCE – 376 BCE), a state of the Zhou Dynasty in northern China
  4. Chinese Jin dynasty (265–420)
  5. 35th hexagram of the I Ching
  6. Shanxi province

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 495, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13899
  • Dae Jaweon: page 860, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1506, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+664B

Usage notes[edit]

This character is listed in the Kangxi dictionary (正字通) as an unorthodox form (俗字) of , which is a variant character of .


Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to advance; to increase; to promote; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Usage notes[edit]

Found also in calligraphic works of 颜真卿 (Tang dynasty).


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. proceed
  2. Jin

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
しん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

*/t͡sin//siɴ//ɕiɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡siɪnH).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しん, rōmaji Shin)

  1. (historical) the Chinese state of Jin (c. 11th century–376 BCE) during the Zhou dynasty
  2. (historical) the Jin dynasty (266–420 CE)
    1. the 西晋 (Seishin, Western Jin, 266–316 CE)
    2. the 東晋 (Tōshin, Eastern Jin, 317–420 CE)
    Synonym: 晋朝 (Jin-chō)
  3. (historical) the Later Jin (936-947 CE), one of the Five Dynasties
    Synonym: 後晉 (Kōshin, Goshin)
  4. a surname
  5. a unisex given name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
すすむしん
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Compound of 進む (susumu, to proceed) + (Shin, Jin).

The kanji itself has a kun'yomi of susumu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This reading is used to distinguish from the kan'on-reading of (Shin, Qin dynasty), itself called (Hata-shin). The senses are the same for Etymology 1 above.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
すすみ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Nominalization of the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 進む (susumu, to proceed).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana すすみ, rōmaji Susumi)

  1. a unisex given name

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
すすむ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Nominalization of 進む (susumu, to proceed).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana すすむ, rōmaji Susumu)

  1. a unisex given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN