Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: and
U+6881, 梁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6881

[U+6880]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6882]
U+F97A, 梁
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F97A

[U+F979]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F97B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水金木 (ECD) or 水戈木 (EID), four-corner 33904, composition ⿱⿰(GJKV) or ⿱⿰(HT))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𣸑
渿
𣹷
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
Liang (surname) (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
梁-bronze.svg 梁-silk.svg 梁-bigseal.svg 梁-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raŋ
*raŋ
*sʰraŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *raŋ): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *sʰraŋ) + semantic  (wood) — a bridge.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Are the noun senses related to the proper noun senses?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • niû/niô͘ - vernacular;
  • liông/liâng - literary.
Note:
  • nion5, niên5 - vernacular (niên5 - Chaozhou);
  • liang5 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/liaŋ/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liáng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljang ›
Old
Chinese
/*raŋ/
English beam; bridge

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1648
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (“bridge; roof beam; ridge”); also the simplified form.
  2. (historical) state of Liang
    1. An ancient Chinese state during the Spring and Autumn period
    2. An ancient Chinese state of Wei after moving its capital to Daliang
    3. An ancient Chinese state during the Han dynasty
    4. An ancient Chinese state during the Jin () dynasty
    5. One of two ancient Chinese states during the end of the Sui dynasty
  3. (historical) Liang dynasty
    1. Southern Liang, one of the Southern Dynasties
    2. Later Liang of the Five Dynasties
  4. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はり, rōmaji hari)

  1. beam, joist

(hiragana やな, rōmaji yana)

  1. fish trap, fish weir

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryang>yang) (hangeul >, revised ryang>yang, McCune-Reischauer ryang>yang, Yale lyang>yang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lương, thông)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.