Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+6881, 梁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6881

[U+6880]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6882]
U+F97A, 梁
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F97A

[U+F979]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F97B]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水金木 (ECD) or 水戈木 (EID), four-corner 33904, composition ⿱⿰ホ)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms
𣸑
渿
𣹷
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
梁-bronze.svg 梁-silk.svg 梁-seal.svg 梁-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *raŋ): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *sʰraŋ) + semantic (wood) — a bridge.

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Are the noun senses related to the proper noun senses?”)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • niû/niô͘ - vernacular (incl. surname);
  • liông/liâng - literary.
Note:
  • nion5, niên5 - vernacular, incl. surname (niên5 - Chaozhou);
  • liang5 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /liaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liáng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    loeng4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*raŋ/
    English beam; bridge

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1648
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*raŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (“bridge; roof beam; ridge”); also the simplified form.
    2. (historical) state of Liang
      1. An ancient Chinese state during the Spring and Autumn period
      2. An ancient Chinese state of Wei after moving its capital to Daliang
      3. An ancient Chinese state during the Han dynasty
      4. An ancient Chinese state during the Jin () dynasty
      5. One of two ancient Chinese states during the end of the Sui dynasty
    3. (historical) Liang dynasty
      1. Southern Liang, one of the Southern Dynasties
      2. Later Liang of the Five Dynasties
    4. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
    Name Time period Divisions
    Xia
    (~朝, ~代)
    2070 – 1600 B.C.E.
    Shang
    (~朝, ~代)
    (~朝, ~代)
    1600 – 1046 B.C.E.
    Zhou
    (~朝, ~代)
    1046 – 256 B.C.E. Western Zhou
    西周
    Eastern Zhou
    東周东周
    Spring and Autumn period
    春秋
    Warring States period
    戰國战国
    Qin
    (~朝, ~代)
    221 – 206 B.C.E.
    Han
    (~朝, ~代)
    206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E. Western Han
    西漢西汉
    Xin
    (~朝)
    Eastern Han
    東漢东汉
    Three Kingdoms
    三國三国
    220 – 280 C.E. Wei
    Shu
    Wu
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    265 – 420 C.E. Western Jin
    西晉西晋
    Eastern Jin
    東晉东晋
    Southern and Northern dynasties
    南北朝
    420 – 589 C.E. Northern dynasties
    北朝
    Northern Wei
    北魏
    Western Wei
    西魏
    Eastern Wei
    東魏东魏
    Northern Zhou
    北周
    Northern Qi
    北齊北齐
    Southern dynasties
    南朝
    Liu Song
    劉宋刘宋
    Southern Qi
    南齊南齐
    Liang
    (~朝, ~代)
    Chen
    (~朝, ~代)
    Sui
    (~朝, ~代)
    581 – 618 C.E.
    Tang
    (~朝, ~代)
    618 – 907 C.E.
    Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
    五代十國五代十国
    907 – 960 C.E.
    Liao
    (~朝, ~代)
    907 – 1125 C.E.
    Song
    (~朝, ~代)
    960 – 1279 C.E. Northern Song
    北宋
    Southern Song
    南宋
    Western Xia
    西夏
    1038 – 1227 C.E.
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    1115 – 1234 C.E.
    Western Liao
    西遼西辽
    1124 – 1218 C.E.
    Yuan
    (~朝, ~代)
    1271 – 1368 C.E.
    Ming
    (~朝, ~代)
    1368 – 1644 C.E.
    Qing
    (~朝, ~代)
    1636 – 1912 C.E.

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Korean: (, Yang)
    • Vietnamese: Lương ()

    Others:

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (はり) (hari

    1. beam, joist

    (やな) (yana

    1. fish trap, fish weir

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC lɨɐŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean 랴ᇰ (Yale: lyang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 들보 (deulbo ryang), South Korea 들보 (deulbo yang))

    1. Hanja form? of / (beam; bridge).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: lương

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.