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U+5546, 商
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5546

[U+5545]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5547]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
商-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜金月口 (YCBR), four-corner 00227, composition ⿱⿱)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 194, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3803
  • Dae Jaweon: page 415, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 288, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5546

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
商-oracle.svg 商-bronze.svg 商-bigseal.svg 商-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shāng shāng shāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syang › ‹ syang › ‹ syang ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-taŋ/ /*s-taŋ/ /*s-taŋ/
English musical note (place name) estimate; business; trader

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11097
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. trade; commerce; business
  2. businessman; dealer
  3. (mathematics) quotient
    623  ―  6 chú 2 de shāng shì 3  ―  the quotient of 6 divided by 2 is 3
  4. (archaic, music) the second note in the Chinese pentatonic scale
  5. the Shang Dynasty
  6. to discuss; to consult

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (syang, commerce).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji shō, historical hiragana しやう)

  1. dealing, dealer, merchant
  2. (arithmetic) quotient

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sang) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.