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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
商-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜金月口 (YCBR), four-corner 00227, composition ⿱⿱)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 194, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3803
  • Dae Jaweon: page 415, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 288, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5546

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (商), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 式羊切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨɐŋ/ /ɕi̯aŋ/ /ɕiaŋ/ /ɕiɐŋ/ /ɕɨaŋ/ /ɕĭaŋ/ /ɕiɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shāng ‹ syang › /*s-taŋ/ musical note
shāng ‹ syang › /*s-taŋ/ (place name)
shāng ‹ syang › /*s-taŋ/ estimate; business; trader

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11097 0 /*hljaŋ/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) trade; commerce; business
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) businessman; dealer
  3. (Beginning Mandarin) quotient (math)
    623  ―  6 chú 2 de shāng shì 3  ―  the quotient of 6 divided by 2 is 3
  4. (archaic) second note in the Chinese pentatonic scale or re

Proper noun[edit]

  1. the Shang Dynasty

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to discuss; to consult

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji shō)

  1. dealer, merchant

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thương)

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