宿

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宿 U+5BBF, 宿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BBF

[U+5BBE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BC0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

宿 (radical 40, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十人一日 (JOMA), four-corner 30261, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 287, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7195
  • Dae Jaweon: page 568, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 938, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5BBF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
宿
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series (宿) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
宿 *suɡs, *suɡ
*suɡ
*sruɡ
*sruɡ
*sruɡ
*sruɡ

Ideogrammic compound: originally . Represents the man () who brings under a roof () smoked meat ( abbreviated to ), to the traveller.

Etymology[edit]

“To stay overnight; lodge > night; mansion of the zodiac [i.e. the Sun's lodging stations]”
Probably related to Austroasiatic: cf. Old Khmer *ruk (to take cover or shelter) > Khmer ជ្រុក (cruk, shelter; refuge), Khmer ស្រុក (srok, settlement; village) (Schuessler, 2007). Benedict (1972) relates it to the Tibeto-Burman terms listed in the etymology of (OC *laːɡs, “night”), however the phonetics is difficult to reconcile in the current reconstructions.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • sù - literary (all senses);
  • xiǔ - vernacular (classifier “night”).
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • siok - literary;
    • sok - vernacular;
    • sek/siak - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character 宿
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /suwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /siuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    su
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character 宿
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]uk/
    English spend the night

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 宿
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 12105
    Phonetic
    component
    宿
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*suɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    宿

    1. to stay overnight; to lodge
    2. to reside; to live; to dwell
    3. lodge; lodging station; residence
    4. perching bird; resting bird
    5. to keep watch at night; to be on night duty
    6. night; nighttime
    7. Classifier for the number of nights: night
    8. to be content with
    9. to stay; to stay behind; to delay; to stop over; to be stationed
    10. (from) last night; the previous night; overnight
    11. (from) last year; spanning two years
    12. the past; former times
    13. old; longstanding
    14. big; great; considerable
    15. old and experienced; skilful; master
    16. renowned person; someone of high standing
    17. Alternative form of (, “usually; normally”).
    18. predestined; preordained
      宿  ―  mìng  ―  destiny [lit. predestined life]
    19. in advance; beforehand
    20. Alternative form of (, “respectful; solemn”).
    21. Alternative form of (, “to admonish; to warn”).
    22. Alternative form of (, “to offer”).
    23. () (historical) The name of an ancient state located in modern-day Dongping county in Shandong province.
    24. (~州) (historical) The name of an ancient prefecture during the Tang dynasty, located in modern-day Suzhou city in Anhui province.
    25. () (historical) The name of an abolished county, now the Suzhou city in Anhui province.
    26. Short for 宿州 (Sùzhōu, “Suzhou city in Anhui province”).
    27. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character 宿
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siəuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /suwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /siuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭəuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiù
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character 宿
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiù
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjuwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]uk-s/
    English "mansion" of the zodiac (where the moon is found on successive nights)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 宿
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 12104
    Phonetic
    component
    宿
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*suɡs/

    Definitions[edit]

    宿

    1. (Chinese astronomy) constellation; “mansion” of the zodiac

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    宿

    1. Only used in 宿宿 (sùsù, “walking slowly in small steps”).

    Pronunciation 4[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    宿

    1. Alternative form of (, “name of a county in the State of Wei”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    宿 (hiragana やど, rōmaji yado)

    1. lodging, inn
    2. house, home

    Kanji[edit]

    宿

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. lodging, inn
    2. home

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    宿 (suk, su) (hangeul , , revised suk, su, McCune–Reischauer suk, su)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    宿 (túc, )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.