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U+5919, 夙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5919

[U+5918]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+591A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 36, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓一弓戈 (HNMNI), four-corner 77210, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 246, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5755
  • Dae Jaweon: page 489, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 861, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5919

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠈇
𡖊

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
夙-oracle.svg 夙-bronze.svg 夙-seal.svg 夙-bigseal.svg

The oracle bone script consisted of (“moon”) and , and resembled a man holding the moon, probably representing the worship of the moon. Alternatively, it might represent a person working under the moon in the early morning when the moon has not set.

In some forms of its bronze inscription, corrupted into .

later got reduced into .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/siuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/siuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/suwk̚/
Li
Rong
/siuk̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
su
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]uk/
English early morning

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12098
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*suɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. early morning
  2. early
  3. old; past
  4. since old days

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(suk) (hangeul , revised suk, McCune–Reischauer suk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(túc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.