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See also:
U+5915, 夕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5915

[U+5914]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5916]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes
Stroke order
夕-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 36, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈 (NI), four-corner 27200, composition𠂊)

  1. Kangxi radical #36, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 246, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5749
  • Dae Jaweon: page 487, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 859, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5915

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
夕-oracle.svg 夕-bronze.svg 夕-silk.svg 夕-seal.svg 夕-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) — moon crescent. Compare .

Etymology 1[edit]

Related to (OC *ljaːɡ, “evening tide”).

Schuessler (2007) suggests it is from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-r(j)ak (day; full day; to spend the night); cognate with Tibetan ཞག (zhag, day (24 hours)), Mizo riak (to pass the night), Jingpho [Term?] (jaʔ⁵⁵, day (24 hours)), Burmese ရက် (rak, day (24 hours)), Lahu (night; to pass the night); may also be cognate with 宿 (OC *suɡs, *suɡ, “to spend the night”) and (OC *sjaːɡ, “former times”). It is noted that in the oracle bone script, the 24 hour day started and ended some time in the evening or night. Since (, “sun”) has acquired the meaning of "day (24 hours)", was then restricted to the time of the day's end.

On the other hand, STEDT suggests (OC *ljaːɡ, “evening; night”) was derived from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ja-n (night), from which (OC *laːɡs, “night”) was also derived. However, was also compared to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-r(j)ak (day; full day; to spend the night). Schuessler (2007) assigns Chinese to *ja (night) instead, and notes *ja (night) and *ryak (day (24 hours)) were kept strictly separate in Tibeto-Burman.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • si̍t/se̍k - literary;
  • sia̍h/siā - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (123)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ziᴇk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ziɛk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ziæk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ziajk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭɛk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯ɛk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zjek ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-ɢAk/
    English evening, night

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13227
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ljaːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. night; evening; dusk
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“the gloom of the grave a tomb or grave; death”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. evening

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ゆう
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ゆう) ( (historical kana ゆふ)

    1. evening

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 저녁 (jeonyeok seok))

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 움큼 (han umkeum sa))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese ().

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ゆー, romaji )

    1. night, evening

    Derived terms[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tịch)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.