- (UK) IPA(key): /vɒlt/, /vɔːlt/
- (US) IPA(key): /vɑlt/, /vɔlt/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɔːlt, -ɒlt
- Homophone: volt (in some accents)
- The l was originally suppressed in pronunciation.
From Middle English vaute, vowte, from Old French volte (modern voûte), from Vulgar Latin *volta < *volvita or *volŭta, a regularization of Latin volūta (compare modern volute (“spire”)), the past participle of volvere (“roll, turn”). Cognate with Spanish vuelta (“turn”). Doublet of volute.
vault (plural vaults)
- An arched masonry structure supporting and forming a ceiling, whether freestanding or forming part of a larger building.
- The decoration of the vault of Sainte-Chapelle was much brighter before its 19th-century restoration.
- Any arched ceiling or roof.
- (figuratively) Anything resembling such a downward-facing concave structure, particularly the sky and caves.
- The stalactites held tightly to the cave's vault.
- c. 1603–1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of King Lear”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iii]:
- that heaven's vault should crack
- 1636, George Sandys, A Paraphrase on Job
- the silent vaults of death
- 1985, Bible (NJB), Genesis, 1:6:
- God said, ‘Let there be a vault through the middle of the waters to divide the waters in two.’
- The space covered by an arched roof, particularly underground rooms and (Christianity, obsolete) church crypts.
- Any cellar or underground storeroom.
- Any burial chamber, particularly those underground.
- Family members had been buried in the vault for centuries.
- The secure room or rooms in or below a bank used to store currency and other valuables; similar rooms in other settings.
- The bank kept their money safe in a large vault.
- (often figuratively) Any archive of past content.
- (computing) An encrypted digital archive.
- (obsolete) An underground or covered conduit for water or waste; a drain; a sewer.
- (obsolete) An underground or covered reservoir for water or waste; a cistern; a cesspit.
- (obsolete, euphemistic) A room employing a cesspit or sewer: an outhouse; a lavatory.
- barrel vault
- cloister vault
- compound vault
- cross vault
- cylindrical vault
- decapartite vault
- dodecapartite vault
- domical vault
- groin vault
- oblique vault
- octopartite vault
- panel vault
- polygonal vault
- quadripartite vault
- quinquepartite vault
- ribbed vault
- segmental vault
- septempartite vault
- sexpartite vault
- star vault
- stilted vault
- tripartite vault
- Welsh vault
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Borrowed from Middle French volter (“to turn or spin around; to frolic”), borrowed from Italian voltare, itself from a Vulgar Latin frequentative form of Latin volvere; later assimilated to Etymology 1, above.
vault (plural vaults)
- An act of vaulting, formerly (chiefly) by deer; a leap or jump.
- (gymnastics) A piece of apparatus used for performing jumps.
- (gymnastics) A gymnastic movement performed on this apparatus.
- (equestrianism) Synonym of : a circular movement by the horse.
- (gymnastics) An event or performance involving a vaulting horse.