cuniculus

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See also: Cuniculus

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cunīculus.

Noun[edit]

cuniculus (plural cuniculi)

  1. a burrow or low underground passage
  2. a burrow in the skin made by a mite

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κόνικλος (kóniklos), probably of Iberian or Celtiberian origin; compare Basque untxi (rabbit), Mozarabic conchair (greyhound). The original meaning “burrow” adapted to the rabbit or vice versa.

Attested beginning from Cicero and Varro.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cunīculus m (genitive cunīculī, feminine cunīcula); second declension

  1. a rabbit
  2. a rabbit burrow
    1. a mine, underground tunnel or gallery
      • 2015, Tuomo Pekkanen, Nuntii Latini 7.8.2015:https://areena.yle.fi/1-2864830
        Gregēs migratōrum, quī dīversīs viīs ex Āfricā vel Asiā in Eurōpam vēnērunt, in proximitātem urbis Caletī (Calais) convēnērunt, unde brevissima est in Britanniam per cunīculum trāiectiō.
        Groups of migrants, coming into Europe by various routes from Africa and Asia, came together near the city of Calais, where it is but a short passage to Britain through the tunnel.

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cunīculus cunīculī
Genitive cunīculī cunīculōrum
Dative cunīculō cunīculīs
Accusative cunīculum cunīculōs
Ablative cunīculō cunīculīs
Vocative cunīcule cunīculī

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Latin: cunīclus (see there for further descendants)
  • English: cuniculus
  • Italian: cunicolo
  • Portuguese: cunículo

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • cuniculus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cuniculus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cuniculus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • cuniculus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make mines, subterraneous passages: cuniculos agere (B. G. 3. 21)
  • cuniculus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cuniculus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin