-ulus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: ulus and Ulus

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -olus (on nouns ending in vowel)
  • -ullus (often on nouns ending in -r)
  • -unculus (on nouns ending in -ō)

Etymology[edit]

The original form -ulus (-ula, -ulum) can be referred to Proto-Italic *-elos (whence Faliscan -𐌄𐌋𐌏𐌔 (-elos)), but at some stage it was partially conflated with the instrumental suffixes -bulum, -culum (< Proto-Indo-European *-dʰlom, *-tlom). By different sound treatments and interpretations all variations are formed. See also the Proto-Germanic suffix *-(ku)laz, as seen in the etymology at ickle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ulus m (feminine -ula, neuter -ulum); first/second declension

  1. Used to form a diminutive of a noun, indicating small size or youth.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -ulus is added to a noun to form a diminutive of that noun.

Examples:
calx (limestone, game counter) + ‎-ulus → ‎calculus (pebble, little stone)
rēx (king) + ‎-ulus → ‎rēgulus (prince, petty king)
parvus (small, little) + ‎-ulus → ‎parvulus (little)

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative -ulus -ula -ulum -ulī -ulae -ula
genitive -ulī -ulae -ulī -ulōrum -ulārum -ulōrum
dative -ulō -ulō -ulīs
accusative -ulum -ulam -ulum -ulōs -ulās -ula
ablative -ulō -ulā -ulō -ulīs
vocative -ule -ula -ulum -ulī -ulae -ula

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]