virgula

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See also: vírgula and virgulă

English[edit]

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An image of a virga or virgula, displaying its stem

Etymology[edit]

From Latin virgula ‎(twig; wand; scratch comma), from virga ‎(branch; rod) + -ulus ‎(-ule: forming diminutives). As a dowsing rod, via virgula divina or divinatoria.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

virgula ‎(plural virgulas or virgulae)

  1. (zoology) A small, thin, straight growth, particularly:
    1. (obsolete) The spines of a ray.
    2. (obsolete) The sicula of a graptolite.
  2. (obsolete) A divining or dowsing rod.
  3. (rare) Any small rod.
  4. (typography, rare) Synonym of virgule: a punctuation mark.
    • 1728, Ephraim Chambers, "Point" in Cyclopædia:
      A Point with a Virgula, call'd a Semicolon.
    • 1934, Robert C. Priebsch & al., The German Language, volume II, chapter x, page 380:
      The full stop or, instead, a virgula, i.e. a short slanting strike (/) is used... to mark the end of a sentence or of a portion of a sentence followed by a pause.
  5. (music, obsolete) Synonym of stem: the tail of a note.
  6. (music, historical, obsolete) Synonym of virga: one of the neumes of medieval musical notation.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "virgula, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1917.

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

virgula

  1. third-person singular past historic of virguler

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From virga ‎(twig, branch) +‎ -ula. As a typographic mark, from its resemblance and size.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

virgula f ‎(genitive virgulae); first declension

  1. a small rod, stick, wand, or staff
  2. (medieval, typography) the slash mark/⟩, particularly (historical or obsolete) in its medieval use as a scratch comma.

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative virgula virgulae
genitive virgulae virgulārum
dative virgulae virgulīs
accusative virgulam virgulās
ablative virgulā virgulīs
vocative virgula virgulae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]