-lus

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See also: lus, lús, lûs, and luš

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-lós. Cognate with Faliscan -𐌄𐌋𐌏𐌔 (-elos)). See also the Proto-Germanic suffix *-(ku)laz, as seen in the etymology at ickle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-lus m (feminine -la, neuter -lum); first/second declension

  1. Used to form a diminutive of a noun, indicating small size or youth and thus sometimes depreciation.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -lus is added to a noun to form a diminutive of that noun.

Examples:
porcus (pig) + ‎-lus → ‎porculus (little pig)
On nouns ending in -ius/-eus or -ia/-ea:
filius (son) + ‎-lus → ‎filiolus (little son)
gladius (sword) + ‎-lus → ‎gladiolus (little sword)
bestia (beast) + ‎-lus → ‎bestiola (little beast)
acūleus (needle) + ‎-lus → ‎acūleolus (little needle)
On nouns ending in -vus or -va:
parvus (small, little) + ‎-lus → ‎parvulus (very small, very little) or parvolus
servus (servant) + ‎-lus → ‎servulus (little or young servant) or servolus

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative -lus -la -lum -lī -lae -la
genitive -lī -lae -lī -lōrum -lārum -lōrum
dative -lō -lō -līs
accusative -lum -lam -lum -lōs -lās -la
ablative -lō -lā -lō -līs
vocative -le -la -lum -lī -lae -la

Derived terms[edit]