mala

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Latin māla (the cheekbone, jaw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala (plural malae)

  1. (zootomy)
    1. A single lobe of an insect's maxilla.
    2. The grinding surface of an insect's mandible.
    3. The third segment of a mandible of some myriapods.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. plural of malum

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit माला (mālā, wreath, garland, crown).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala (plural malas or mala)

  1. (Hinduism, Sikhism) A bead or a set of beads commonly used by Hindus and Buddhists for keeping count while reciting, chanting, or mentally repeating a mantra or the name or names of a deity.
Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Breton malaff, from Old Breton maletic, from Proto-Brythonic, from Proto-Celtic *meleti.

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. to grind

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala f sg

  1. feminine singular of mal

East Futuna[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. disaster
  2. misfortune

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

mal- +‎ -a

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmala/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧la
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Audio:
    (file)

Adjective[edit]

mala (accusative singular malan, plural malaj, accusative plural malajn)

  1. opposite

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną.

Verb[edit]

mala (third person singular past indicative mól, third person plural past indicative mólu, supine malið)

  1. to grind

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of mala (group v-58)
infinitive mala
supine malið
participle (a26)1 malandi malin
present past
first singular mali mól
second singular melur mól(st)
third singular melur mól
plural mala mólu
imperative
singular mal!
plural malið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Galician[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. feminine singular of malo

Garo[edit]

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. to crawl

Hawaiian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈma.la/, [ˈmɐlə]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. (intransitive) bruised

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. aching (as after unaccustomed exercise)
  2. stiff and sore

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mara.

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. sour (as fermented sweet potatoes)
  2. insipid

References[edit]

  • “mala” in the Hawaiian Dictionary, Revised and Enlarged Edition, University of Hawaii Press, 1986

Garo[edit]

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. to crawl

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mala (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative malaði, supine malað)

  1. to grind
    Hættu mala kornið!
    Stop grinding the corn!
  2. to purr
    Oo, hlustiði á köttinn mala.
    Oh, listen to the cat purr.
  3. to blabber, babble, talk

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ido[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. bad

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay mala, from Pali mala, from Sanskrit मल (mala), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *málas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *málas, from Proto-Indo-European *mélh₂-os, from *melh₂- (black).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ma.la/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧la

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. disaster
    Synonyms: bahala, bahaya, bencana, cobaan, dakiat, keapesan, kecelakaan, kegagalan, kemaharan, kemalangan, kemudaratan, kerugian, kesialan, malapetaka, mara

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. withered, faded
  2. (Classical Malay) dirty, impurity
  3. diseased

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish mala, from Proto-Celtic *malax, from Proto-Indo-European *ml̥Hdʰo-, shared with Breton malvenn, Old English molda (forehead), Ancient Greek βλωθρός (blōthrós, lofty), Avestan 𐬐𐬀-𐬨𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬜𐬋(ka-mərəδō, demon's head).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala f (genitive singular mala, nominative plural malaí)

  1. brow
    1. (anatomy) eyebrow
    2. (geography, of hill) brow; slope, incline

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mala mhala not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala f (plural male)

  1. underworld, gangland

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *smakslā, from Proto-Indo-European *smek- (beard) as *smḱ- (beard) +‎ *slo/h₂-; cognate with Sanskrit श्मश्रु (śmáśru, beard)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

māla f (genitive mālae); first declension

  1. (anatomy) the cheekbone, jaw
  2. (transferred sense, chiefly in the plural) a cheek
    • c. 190–185, Plautus, Amphitryon 1.1:
      Tam consimile'st atque ego: sūra, pēs, statūra, tōnsus, oculī, nāsus, vel labra, mālae, mentum, barba, collum - tōtus!
      He's so similar to me: his calves, feet, height, haircut, eyes, nose, lips, cheeks, chin, beard, neck - all of it!
Inflection[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative māla mālae
Genitive mālae mālārum
Dative mālae mālīs
Accusative mālam mālās
Ablative mālā mālīs
Vocative māla mālae
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: mala

References[edit]

  • mala in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mala in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mala in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mala in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • mala in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to be broken down by misfortune: in malis iacere
    • (ambiguous) to be hard pressed by misfortune: malis urgeri
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) moral science; ethics: philosophia, in qua de bonis rebus et malis, deque hominum vita et moribus disputatur
    • (ambiguous) to take a thing in good (bad) part: in bonam (malam) partem accipere aliquid
    • (ambiguous) a guilty conscience: conscientia mala or peccatorum, culpae, sceleris, delicti
    • (ambiguous) to be tormented by remorse: conscientia mala angi, excruciari
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) from beginning to end: ab ovo usque ad mala (proverb.)
  • mala in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Frankish *malha (leather bag).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala f (genitive malae); first declension

  1. a bundle, bag
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!
Inflection[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mala malae
Genitive malae malārum
Dative malae malīs
Accusative malam malās
Ablative malā malīs
Vocative mala malae

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. inflection of malus:
    1. nominative/vocative/ablative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala n

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of malum

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ml̥Hdʰo-, see also Breton malvenn, Old English molda (forehead), Ancient Greek βλωθρός (blōthrós, lofty), Avestan 𐬐𐬀-𐬨𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬜𐬋(ka-mərəδō, demon's head).

Noun[edit]

mala f (4th declension)

  1. edge, shore

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of malt
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of malt

References[edit]


Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mãla

  1. third-person singular present of malti
  2. third-person plural present of malti

Lovono[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. eye

References[edit]


Margi[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. woman

References[edit]

  • Carl Hoffmann, A grammar of the Margi language (1963)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną.

Verb[edit]

mala (present tense mel, past tense mol, supine male, past participle malen, present participle malande, imperative mal)

  1. (transitive) to grind
  2. (intransitive) to make a grinding sound, e.g. to purr (of a cat)

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

mala (present tense malar, past tense mala, past participle mala, passive infinitive malast, present participle malande, imperative mal)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 2012; superseded by måla, to paint

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *malaną, whence also Old Saxon malan, Old High German malan, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌽 (malan).

Verb[edit]

mala (singular past indicative mól, plural past indicative mólu, past participle malinn)

  1. to grind
  2. to make a grinding sound, e.g. to purr (of a cat)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • mala in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mala in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mala in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mala in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to be broken down by misfortune: in malis iacere
    • (ambiguous) to be hard pressed by misfortune: malis urgeri
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) moral science; ethics: philosophia, in qua de bonis rebus et malis, deque hominum vita et moribus disputatur
    • (ambiguous) to take a thing in good (bad) part: in bonam (malam) partem accipere aliquid
    • (ambiguous) a guilty conscience: conscientia mala or peccatorum, culpae, sceleris, delicti
    • (ambiguous) to be tormented by remorse: conscientia mala angi, excruciari
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) from beginning to end: ab ovo usque ad mala (proverb.)
  • mala in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną.

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. to grind

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala n

  1. impurity
  2. stain
  3. rust
  4. dirt
  5. dung

Declension[edit]


Pitjantjatjara[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. rufous hare-wallaby (Lagorchestes hirsutus)

References[edit]

  • Paul A. Eckert (2007) Pitjantjatjara / Yankunytjatjara Picture Dictionary[3], IAD Press, →ISBN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French malle (large suitcase; trunk), from Middle French malle, from Old French male (leather bag, leather or wooden travel-case), from Frankish *malha (leather bag), from Proto-Germanic *malhō (leather bag), from Proto-Indo-European *molko- (leather bag).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala f (plural malas)

  1. suitcase
  2. (travel) luggage
  3. (automotive) boot, trunk
  4. (chiefly Portugal) handbag
    Synonyms: bolsa, maleta, saco
  5. (idiomatic) An irritating person.

Pukapukan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. (stative) be unlucky, unfortunate
  2. to have bad luck

Further reading[edit]


Samoan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. calamity

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish mala, from Proto-Celtic *malax, from Proto-Indo-European *ml̥Hdʰo-, see also Breton malvenn, Old English molda (forehead), Ancient Greek βλωθρός (blōthrós, lofty), Avestan 𐬐𐬀-𐬨𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬜𐬋(ka-mərəδō, demon's head).

Noun[edit]

mala f (genitive singular mala, plural malaichean)

  1. brow
    1. (anatomy) eyebrow
    2. (geography, of hill) brow; slope, incline

Usage notes[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
mala mhala
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • mala” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “mala”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  • MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911) , “mala”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, →ISBN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. inflection of mal:
    1. feminine nominative/vocative singular
    2. indefinite masculine/neuter genitive singular
    3. indefinite animate masculine accusative singular
    4. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Sicilian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin malus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈma.la/
  • Hyphenation: mà‧la

Adjective[edit]

mala f sg

  1. feminine singular of malu; bad.

Inflection[edit]

Masculine Feminine
Singular malu mala
Plural mali mali

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

mala

  1. feminine singular l-participle of mať

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. feminine singular of malo

Etymology 2[edit]

From French malle (large suitcase; trunk), from Middle French malle, from Old French male (leather bag, leather or wooden travel-case), from Frankish *malha (leather bag), from Proto-Germanic *malhō (leather bag), from Proto-Indo-European *molko- (leather bag).

Noun[edit]

mala f (plural malas)

  1. suitcase
    Synonyms: maleta, valija
  2. mailbag
    Synonyms: saca de correos, saca postal, valija
  3. mail, post
    Synonym: correo

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish mala, from Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną.

Verb[edit]

mala (present mal, preterite malde, supine malt, imperative mal)

  1. to grind; to make smaller
  2. to speak ceaselessly, usually about one single subject

Usage notes[edit]

  • Alternate form for the present tense: maler, and alternate form for the past participle (which is only used in the sense of grinding): malen.

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tokelauan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala. Cognates include Hawaiian mala and Samoan mala.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈma.la/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧la

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. misfortune, bad luck
  2. disaster, tragedy
  3. plague, epidemic

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. (stative) to be unlucky
  2. (intransitive) to bring bad luck

Further reading[edit]

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[4], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 209

Tongan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. misfortune, bad luck
  2. disaster

Tuvaluan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. plague

Wolof[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala (definite form mala mi)

  1. animal