mala

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Latin māla (the cheekbone, jaw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala (plural malae)

  1. (zootomy)
    1. A single lobe of an insect's maxilla.
    2. The grinding surface of an insect's mandible.
    3. The third segment of a mandible of some myriapods.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. plural of malum

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit माला (mālā, wreath, garland, crown).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala (plural malas or mala)

  1. (Hinduism, Sikhism) A bead or a set of beads commonly used by Hindus and Buddhists for keeping count while reciting, chanting, or mentally repeating a mantra or the name or names of a deity.
Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. feminine singular of malu

Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian ماله‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

mala (definite accusative malanı, plural malalar)

  1. stucco, plaster
    Synonym: suvaq
  2. plasterer's/ mason's trowel
    Synonyms: kəmçə, malakeş
  3. harrow
    Synonym: dırmıq

Declension[edit]

    Declension of mala
singular plural
nominative mala
malalar
definite accusative malanı
malaları
dative malaya
malalara
locative malada
malalarda
ablative maladan
malalardan
definite genitive malanın
malaların
    Possessive forms of mala
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) malam malalarım
sənin (your) malan malaların
onun (his/her/its) malası malaları
bizim (our) malamız malalarımız
sizin (your) malanız malalarınız
onların (their) malası or malaları malaları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) malamı malalarımı
sənin (your) malanı malalarını
onun (his/her/its) malasını malalarını
bizim (our) malamızı malalarımızı
sizin (your) malanızı malalarınızı
onların (their) malasını or malalarını malalarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) malama malalarıma
sənin (your) malana malalarına
onun (his/her/its) malasına malalarına
bizim (our) malamıza malalarımıza
sizin (your) malanıza malalarınıza
onların (their) malasına or malalarına malalarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) malamda malalarımda
sənin (your) malanda malalarında
onun (his/her/its) malasında malalarında
bizim (our) malamızda malalarımızda
sizin (your) malanızda malalarınızda
onların (their) malasında or malalarında malalarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) malamdan malalarımdan
sənin (your) malandan malalarından
onun (his/her/its) malasından malalarından
bizim (our) malamızdan malalarımızdan
sizin (your) malanızdan malalarınızdan
onların (their) malasından or malalarından malalarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) malamın malalarımın
sənin (your) malanın malalarının
onun (his/her/its) malasının malalarının
bizim (our) malamızın malalarımızın
sizin (your) malanızın malalarınızın
onların (their) malasının or malalarının malalarının

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • mala” in Obastan.com.

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Breton malaff, from Old Breton maletic, from Proto-Brythonic, from Proto-Celtic *meleti.

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. to grind

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala f sg

  1. feminine singular of mal

Cebuano[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *maʀa, compare Bikol Central mara, Yogad maga and Tetum maran.

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. dry

East Futuna[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. disaster
  2. misfortune

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

mal- +‎ -a

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala (accusative singular malan, plural malaj, accusative plural malajn)

  1. opposite

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną.

Verb[edit]

mala (third person singular past indicative mól, third person plural past indicative mólu, supine malið)

  1. to grind

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of mala (group v-58)
infinitive mala
supine malið
participle (a26)1 malandi malin
present past
first singular mali mól
second singular melur mól(st)
third singular melur mól
plural mala mólu
imperative
singular mal!
plural malið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English mala, from Martu Wangka mala.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑlɑ/, [ˈmɑlɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ma‧la

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. hare-wallaby (wallaby of the genus Lagorchestes)
  2. rufous hare-wallaby, Lagorchestes hirsutus

Declension[edit]

Inflection of mala (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative mala malat
genitive malan malojen
partitive malaa maloja
illative malaan maloihin
singular plural
nominative mala malat
accusative nom. mala malat
gen. malan
genitive malan malojen
malainrare
partitive malaa maloja
inessive malassa maloissa
elative malasta maloista
illative malaan maloihin
adessive malalla maloilla
ablative malalta maloilta
allative malalle maloille
essive malana maloina
translative malaksi maloiksi
instructive maloin
abessive malatta maloitta
comitative maloineen
Possessive forms of mala (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person malani malamme
2nd person malasi malanne
3rd person malansa

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Galician[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. feminine singular of malo

Garo[edit]

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. to crawl

Hawaiian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈma.la/, [ˈmɐlə]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. (intransitive) bruised
  2. aching (as after unaccustomed exercise)
  3. stiff and sore
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mara.

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. (stative) sour (as fermented sweet potatoes)
  2. (stative) insipid

References[edit]

  • “mala” in the Hawaiian Dictionary, Revised and Enlarged Edition, University of Hawaii Press, 1986

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mala (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative malaði, supine malað)

  1. to grind
    Hættu mala kornið!
    Stop grinding the corn!
  2. to purr
    Oo, hlustiði á köttinn mala.
    Oh, listen to the cat purr.
  3. to blabber, babble, talk

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ido[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. bad

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [mala]
  • Hyphenation: ma‧la

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay mala, from Classical Malay mala, from Pali mala, from Sanskrit मल (mala).

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. (obsolete) dirty, impurity

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. (dated) disease
    Synonym: penyakit

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. (dated) disaster
    Synonyms: bahala, bahaya, bencana, cobaan, dakiat, keapesan, kecelakaan, kegagalan, kemaharan, kemalangan, kemudaratan, kerugian, kesialan, malapetaka, mara

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. (dated) withered, faded
    Synonyms: layu, merana

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish mala, from Proto-Celtic *malaxs, from Proto-Indo-European *ml̥Hdʰo-, shared with Breton malvenn, Old English molda (forehead), Ancient Greek βλωθρός (blōthrós, lofty), Avestan 𐬐𐬀-𐬨𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬜𐬋(ka-mərəδō, demon's head).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala f (genitive singular mala, nominative plural malaí)

  1. eyebrow
  2. brow (projecting upper edge of a steep place such as a hill)
  3. slope, incline

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mala mhala not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 46

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈma.la/
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Hyphenation: mà‧la

Noun[edit]

mala f (plural male)

  1. underworld, gangland

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *smakslā, from Proto-Indo-European *smeḱ- (beard) as *smḱ- (beard) +‎ *-sleh₂-; cognate with Sanskrit श्मश्रु (śmáśru, beard)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

māla f (genitive mālae); first declension

  1. (anatomy) the cheekbone, jaw
  2. (transferred sense, chiefly in the plural) a cheek
    • c. 190 BCE – 185 BCE, Plautus, Amphitryon 1.1:
      Tam consimile'st atque ego: sūra, pēs, statūra, tōnsus, oculī, nāsus, vel labra, mālae, mentum, barba, collum - tōtus!
      He's so similar to me: his calves, feet, height, haircut, eyes, nose, lips, cheeks, chin, beard, neck - all of it!
Inflection[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative māla mālae
Genitive mālae mālārum
Dative mālae mālīs
Accusative mālam mālās
Ablative mālā mālīs
Vocative māla mālae
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: mala

References[edit]

  • mala”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mala”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mala”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mala in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • mala in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to be broken down by misfortune: in malis iacere
    • (ambiguous) to be hard pressed by misfortune: malis urgeri
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) moral science; ethics: philosophia, in qua de bonis rebus et malis, deque hominum vita et moribus disputatur
    • (ambiguous) to take a thing in good (bad) part: in bonam (malam) partem accipere aliquid
    • (ambiguous) a guilty conscience: conscientia mala or peccatorum, culpae, sceleris, delicti
    • (ambiguous) to be tormented by remorse: conscientia mala angi, excruciari
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) from beginning to end: ab ovo usque ad mala (proverb.)
  • mala”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Frankish *malha (leather bag).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala f (genitive malae); first declension

  1. a bundle, bag
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!
Inflection[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mala malae
Genitive malae malārum
Dative malae malīs
Accusative malam malās
Ablative malā malīs
Vocative mala malae
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. inflection of malus:
    1. nominative/vocative/ablative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala n

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of malum

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ml̥Hdʰo-, see also Breton malvenn, Old English molda (forehead), Ancient Greek βλωθρός (blōthrós, lofty), Avestan 𐬐𐬀-𐬨𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬜𐬋(ka-mərəδō, demon's head).

Noun[edit]

mala f (4th declension)

  1. edge, shore

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of malt
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of malt

References[edit]


Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mãla

  1. third-person singular present of malti
  2. third-person plural present of malti

Lovono[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. eye

References[edit]


Margi[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. woman

References[edit]

  • Carl Hoffmann, A grammar of the Margi language (1963)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną.

Verb[edit]

mala (present tense mel, past tense mol, supine male, past participle malen, present participle malande, imperative mal)

  1. (transitive) to grind
  2. (intransitive) to make a grinding sound, e.g. to purr (of a cat)

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

mala (present tense malar, past tense mala, past participle mala, passive infinitive malast, present participle malande, imperative mala/mal)

  1. (pre-2012) alternative form of måla, to paint

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *malaną, whence also Old Saxon malan, Old High German malan, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌻𐌰𐌽 (malan).

Verb[edit]

mala (singular past indicative mól, plural past indicative mólu, past participle malinn)

  1. to grind
  2. to make a grinding sound, e.g. to purr (of a cat)

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • mala”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mala”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mala”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mala in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to be broken down by misfortune: in malis iacere
    • (ambiguous) to be hard pressed by misfortune: malis urgeri
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) moral science; ethics: philosophia, in qua de bonis rebus et malis, deque hominum vita et moribus disputatur
    • (ambiguous) to take a thing in good (bad) part: in bonam (malam) partem accipere aliquid
    • (ambiguous) a guilty conscience: conscientia mala or peccatorum, culpae, sceleris, delicti
    • (ambiguous) to be tormented by remorse: conscientia mala angi, excruciari
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) from beginning to end: ab ovo usque ad mala (proverb.)
  • mala”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną.

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. to grind

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala n

  1. impurity
  2. stain
  3. rust
  4. dirt
  5. dung

Declension[edit]


Pitjantjatjara[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. rufous hare-wallaby (Lagorchestes hirsutus)

References[edit]

  • Paul A. Eckert (2007) Pitjantjatjara / Yankunytjatjara Picture Dictionary[3], IAD Press, →ISBN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French malle (large suitcase; trunk),[1][2] from Middle French malle, from Old French male (leather bag, leather or wooden travel-case), from Frankish *malha (leather bag), from Proto-Germanic *malhō (leather bag), from Proto-Indo-European *molko- (leather bag).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -alɐ
  • Hyphenation: ma‧la

Noun[edit]

mala f (plural malas)

  1. suitcase
  2. (travel) luggage
  3. (automotive) boot, trunk
  4. (chiefly Portugal) handbag
    Synonyms: bolsa, maleta, saco

Noun[edit]

mala m or f (plural malas)

  1. (Brazil, idiomatic) an irritating person

References[edit]

  1. ^ mala” in Dicionário infopédia da Língua Portuguesa. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003–2022.
  2. ^ mala” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Pukapukan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. (stative) be unlucky, unfortunate
  2. to have bad luck

Further reading[edit]


Samoan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. calamity

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish mala, from Proto-Celtic *malax, from Proto-Indo-European *ml̥Hdʰo-, see also Breton malvenn, Old English molda (forehead), Ancient Greek βλωθρός (blōthrós, lofty), Avestan 𐬐𐬀-𐬨𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬜𐬋(ka-mərəδō, demon's head).

Noun[edit]

mala f (genitive singular mala, plural malaichean)

  1. brow
    1. (anatomy) eyebrow
    2. (geography, of hill) brow; slope, incline

Usage notes[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
mala mhala
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mala

  1. inflection of mal:
    1. feminine nominative/vocative singular
    2. indefinite masculine/neuter genitive singular
    3. indefinite animate masculine accusative singular
    4. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Sicilian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin malus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈma.la/
  • Hyphenation: mà‧la

Adjective[edit]

mala f sg

  1. feminine singular of malu; bad.

Inflection[edit]

Masculine Feminine
Singular malu mala
Plural mali mali

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

mala

  1. feminine singular l-participle of mať

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

mala f (plural malas)

  1. female equivalent of malo

Adjective[edit]

mala f

  1. feminine singular of malo

Etymology 2[edit]

From French malle (large suitcase; trunk), from Middle French malle, from Old French male (leather bag, leather or wooden travel-case), from Frankish *malha (leather bag), from Proto-Germanic *malhō (leather bag), from Proto-Indo-European *molko- (leather bag).

Noun[edit]

mala f (plural malas)

  1. suitcase
    Synonyms: maleta, valija
  2. mailbag
    Synonyms: saca de correos, saca postal, valija
  3. mail, post
    Synonym: correo

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish mala, from Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną.

Verb[edit]

mala (present mal, preterite malde, supine malt, imperative mal)

  1. to grind; to make smaller
  2. to speak ceaselessly, usually about one single subject
    Synonym: mala på

Usage notes[edit]

  • Alternate form for the present tense: maler, and alternate form for the past participle (which is only used in the sense of grinding): malen.

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tokelauan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala. Cognates include Hawaiian mala and Samoan mala.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈma.la/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧la

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. misfortune, bad luck
  2. disaster, tragedy
  3. plague, epidemic

Verb[edit]

mala

  1. (stative) to be unlucky
  2. (intransitive) to bring bad luck

Further reading[edit]

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[4], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 209

Tongan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. misfortune, bad luck
  2. disaster

Tuvaluan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mala, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *malaŋ.

Noun[edit]

mala

  1. plague

Wolof[edit]

Noun[edit]

mala (definite form mala mi)

  1. animal