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Danish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Older oppå, from Old Norse upp á, compare English upon. The preposition å (on) is still used in some Jutlandic dialects in the same sense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

  1. on

Adverb[edit]

  1. on

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse upp á, compare English upon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

  1. on
    Boken er bordetThe book is on the table
  2. on, against, touching; hanging from or being attached to (a vertical surface)
    Eplet henger den grenen.The apple is hanging on that branch.
    Skiltet veggen.The sign on the wall.
  3. on (a certain day)
    julaften.On Christmas eve.
  4. at (some abstract concepts)
    Jeg er jobb.I am at work.
  5. at (concerning time)
    den tiden...At that time...
  6. in (a language or dialect)
    Si det norsk.Say it in Norwegian.

Adverb[edit]

  1. (of machines, etc) turned on; functioning

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse upp á, compare English upon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

  1. on (touching from above or touching, hanging from)
    Boka ligg bordet
    The book is on the table
  2. on, against, touching; hanging from or being attached to (a vertical surface)
    Eplet som heng den greina
    The apple hanging on that branch
    Skiltet veggen
    The sign on the wall
  3. on (a certain day)
    julaftan
    on Christmas Eve
  4. at (some abstract concepts)
    jobben
    at work
  5. at (concerning time)
    den tida
    at that time
  6. in (islands and many towns that are not on the coast)
    Island
    in Iceland
    Hamar
    in Hamar
  7. in (a language)
    nynorsk
    in Nynorsk
  8. in (part of the day, time of day)
    ettermiddagen
    in the afternoon

Adverb[edit]

  1. (of machines, etc) turned on; functioning
    Fjernsynet står
    The television is on

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier uppå,[1] from Old Norse upp á. Compare English 'pon, formed in a similar way from upon.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /poː/
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

  1. on, on top of; touching from above
    Boken ligger bordet
    The book lies on the table
  2. on, against, touching; hanging from or being attached to (a vertical surface)
    Äpplet som hänger den grenen
    The apple hanging on that branch
    Skylten väggen
    The sign on the wall
  3. on (a certain day)
    julafton
    on Christmas Eve
  4. at (some abstract concepts)
    jobbet
    at work
  5. in (a language)
    svenska
    in Swedish
  6. in (part of the day, time of day)
    eftermiddagen
    in the afternoon
Usage notes[edit]

only means 'at' when it cannot mean 'on top', usually when talking about abstract concepts rather than physical objects that one may be on top of. For 'at' in a truly spatial sense, use vid.

In the time sense, it is only used for speaking of days when describing them in some sense: på julafton, på min födelsedag, på måndag; when giving a date this preposition is excluded: Han köpte bilen den tredje maj = He bought the car on the third of May

Synonyms[edit]

  • å (obsolete except in certain fixed expressions and compounds)

Adjective[edit]

  1. (of machines, etc) turned on; functioning

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lindström, Fredrik (2010) , “Svårt att gissa arslets grundform [Hard to guess the lemma of arslet]”, in Språktidningen[1] (in Swedish), issue 5, retrieved 20 August 2020