maxilla

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin maxilla (jawbone, jaw), a diminutive of māla (cheekbone, jaw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

maxilla (plural maxillae or (obsolete) maxillæ or maxillas)

  1. (anatomy, zootomy) Synonym of jaw.
    Synonym: jawbone
    1. An upper jaw especially of humans and other mammals in which the bony elements are closely fused.
      Synonym: maxillary bone
    2. (anatomy) Either of the two bones that lie with one on each side of the upper jaw lateral to the premaxilla and that in higher vertebrates bear most of the teeth.
  2. (zootomy) One of the first or second pair of mouthparts posterior to the mandibles in many arthropods that are used for tasting and manipulating food.
    Synonym: (in arachnids) endite

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From māla (cheekbone, jaw) +‎ -illa (diminutive nominal suffix). Confer with similarly formed ālaaxilla.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

māxilla f (genitive māxillae); first declension

  1. Diminutive of māla:
    1. (anatomy) jaw, jawbone, bone of the upper jaw
    2. (anatomy) lower part of the face, jaws
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Inflection[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative māxilla māxillae
Genitive māxillae māxillārum
Dative māxillae māxillīs
Accusative māxillam māxillās
Ablative māxillā māxillīs
Vocative māxilla māxillae

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Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

maxilla f (plural maxillas)

  1. Obsolete spelling of maxila