signum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin signum

Noun[edit]

signum ‎(plural signums or signa)

  1. A sign, mark, or symbol.
  2. (historical) A medieval tower bell used particularly for ringing the 8 canonical hours.[1][2]
  3. (mathematics) A function that extracts the sign of a real number x, yielding -1 if x is negative, +1 if x is positive, or 0 if x is zero.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., "Bell".
  2. ^ Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Music, Vol. 2, p. 452.

Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia la

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *sek- ‎(to cut) or *sekʷ- ‎(to follow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

signum n ‎(genitive signī); second declension

  1. a mark, sign, emblem
  2. a miracle
  3. (Medieval Latin) a signum (medieval tower bell used particularly for ringing the 8 canonical hours)

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative signum signa
genitive signī signōrum
dative signō signīs
accusative signum signa
ablative signō signīs
vocative signum signa

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • signum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • signum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • SIGNUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to follow the standards: signa sequi (opp. a signis discedere, signa relinquere)
    • to demand loudly the signal to engage: signum proelii (committendi) exposcere (B. G. 7. 19)
    • to give the signal to engage: signum proelii dare
    • to fight hand-to-hand, at close quarters: collatis signis (viribus) pugnare
    • (ambiguous) statues and pictures: signa et tabulae (pictae)
    • (ambiguous) to begin the march, break up the camp: signa ferre, tollere
    • (ambiguous) to deviate, change the direction: signa convertere (B. G. 1. 25)
    • (ambiguous) to follow the standards: signa sequi (opp. a signis discedere, signa relinquere)
    • (ambiguous) to pluck up the standards out of the ground (to begin the march): signa convellere (vid. sect. XVI. 6, note signa...)
    • (ambiguous) to attack the enemy: signa inferre in hostem
    • (ambiguous) to come to close quarters: signa conferre cum hoste
    • (ambiguous) the retreat is sounded: signa receptui canunt
  • signum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • signum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin