machina

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French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

machina

  1. third-person singular past historic of machiner

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Doric Greek μᾱχανᾱ́ (mākhanā́, machine, tool) (compare Attic Greek μηχανή (mēkhanḗ)). Apparently a rather early borrowing, considering the vowel reduction of unstressed /a/ to /ĭ/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

māchina f (genitive māchinae); first declension

  1. machine
  2. scheme, plan, machination
  3. mill[1]

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative māchina māchinae
Genitive māchinae māchinārum
Dative māchinae māchinīs
Accusative māchinam māchinās
Ablative māchinā māchinīs
Vocative māchina māchinae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Dalmatian: mucna
  • Italian: macina
    Tuscan: maina (Lucca)
  • Lombard: masna (Alpine)
  • Sardinian: maghina

Learned borrowings:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adams, James Noel. 2007. The regional diversification of Latin. Cambridge University Press. 486.

Further reading[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin māchina, from Doric Ancient Greek μᾱχᾰνᾱ́ (mākhanā́). Doublet of maszyna (machine).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /maˈxi.na/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ina
  • Syllabification: ma‧chi‧na

Noun[edit]

machina f

  1. heavy machinery
  2. complex system
  3. (archaic) machine
    Synonym: maszyna

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • machina in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • machina in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

machina f (plural machinas)

  1. Obsolete spelling of máquina (used in Portugal until September 1911 and in Brazil until the 1940s).