porcus

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Latin[edit]

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porcus fēmina et porculus (a female pig and piglet)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *porkos, from Proto-Indo-European *pórḱos (young swine, young pig). Cognate with Old English fearh (young pig, hog). More at farrow. Compare also Ancient Greek πόρκος (pórkos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

porcus m (genitive porcī); second declension

  1. a pig, hog, a tame swine
  2. (pejorative) glutton, pig
  3. (porcus marīnus) the sea-hog, porpoise
  4. pudenda muliebria, woman parts
  5. (military) a wedge-shaped battle formation

Usage notes[edit]

  • For the semantic shift of “pig” to “female genitalia”, compare the same Ancient Greek use of χοῖρος (khoîros).

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative porcus porcī
genitive porcī porcōrum
dative porcō porcīs
accusative porcum porcōs
ablative porcō porcīs
vocative porce porcī

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • porcus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • porcus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “porcus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • porcus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)

Anagrams[edit]