kaari

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See also: kääri

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kaari. Cognate with Estonian kaar. The sense 'code' is a calque of Swedish balk (arch).

Noun[edit]

kaari

  1. curve
  2. bow
  3. (architecture) arch
  4. (geometry) arc
  5. (law) code, act (an especially broad legal statute; one of the nine parts of Swedish 1734 law)
  6. (biology, taxonomy) division
  7. (graph theory, network theory) edge between two vertices
  8. (nautical) rib of a boat or a ship

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kaari (Kotus type 26/pieni, no gradation)
nominative kaari kaaret
genitive kaaren kaarten
kaarien
partitive kaarta kaaria
illative kaareen kaariin
singular plural
nominative kaari kaaret
accusative nom. kaari kaaret
gen. kaaren
genitive kaaren kaarten
kaarien
partitive kaarta kaaria
inessive kaaressa kaarissa
elative kaaresta kaarista
illative kaareen kaariin
adessive kaarella kaarilla
ablative kaarelta kaarilta
allative kaarelle kaarille
essive kaarena kaarina
translative kaareksi kaariksi
instructive kaarin
abessive kaaretta kaaritta
comitative kaarineen

Usage notes[edit]

  • (act, code): Originally, the name kaari was used in the names of the broad statutes of the Swedish 1734 law. Remnants of those acts still in force (though heavily amended) include e.g. oikeudenkäymiskaari 'Code of Judicial Procedure' (4/1734). Over time, it was superseded by the use of the name laki. The difference in names bears no significance as for their precedence, since both a kaari and a laki are at the same level in the statutory hierarchy: they are inferior to the perustuslaki 'Constitution', superior to an asetus 'decree; executive order', and they are both passed and issued by the Parliament within one Parliamentary term. The name kaari is, however, intentionally given to an act in order to connote that the act concerns an exceptionally large part of human life, e.g. tietoyhteiskuntakaari 'Information Society Code' (917/2014) (an act on radio, TV, Internet etc. electronic communication services, and on privacy in the use thereof).

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