今日

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Chinese[edit]

 
today; modern; present
today; modern; present; current; this; now
 
day; sun; date
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
trad. (今日)
simp. #(今日)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: gam1 mat6 - from assimilation.
Note: gim1 rêg8 - Jieyang.
Note:
  • jin1 r6 - vernacular;
  • jin1 nyi6 - literary.

Noun[edit]

今日

  1. (formal or dialectal) today
  2. (formal or dialectal) nowadays; the present time

Synonyms[edit]

  • (today):

Usage notes[edit]

今日 is considered formal in Standard Mandarin.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (今日):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょう
Grade: 2 Grade: 1
jukujikun
For pronunciation and definitions of 今日 – see the following entry.
きょう
[noun] today
[proper noun] a female given name
(This term, 今日, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Usage notes[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 2
にち
Grade: 1
goon

From Middle Chinese compound 今日 (MC kˠiɪm ȵiɪt̚). Compare modern Taishanese reading gim1 ngit4.

The goon, so likely the original reading of the term as first borrowed from Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こん)(にち) (konnichi

  1. today, this day
    Synonym: 本日 (honjitsu)
  2. nowadays
    Synonyms: 此の頃 (konogoro), 現在 (genzai), 現代 (gendai)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 2
にち > ち
Grade: 1
on’yomi Irregular

/koɲɲit͡ɕi//koɲt͡ɕi/

Shift from konnichi above. Used dialectally in the Shitamachi area of Tokyo since the Edo period.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こん)() (konchi

  1. Same as こんにち above

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 2
じつ
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 今日 (MC kˠiɪm ȵiɪt̚). Compare modern Cantonese reading gam1 jat6.

Change in reading from konnichi, keeping the earlier goon reading kon for , but substituting the later kan'on reading jitsu for .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こん)(じつ) (konjitsu

  1. today, this day
  2. nowadays

Related terms[edit]

(Time)
~ -2 -1 0 +1 +2 Continual
Day 一昨日 昨日 今日 明日 明後日 毎日
Morning 一昨朝 昨朝 今朝 明朝 毎朝
Night 一昨晩 昨晩 今晩 明晩 毎晩
Week 先々週 先週 今週 来週 再来週 毎週
Month 先々月 先月 今月 来月 再来月 毎月
Year 一昨年 去年 今年 来年 再来年 毎年


Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

今日 (geumil) (hangeul 금일)

  1. Hanja form? of 금일 (today).

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Japanese 今日 (kyō), and showing evidence of the affrication process common in Okinawan, causing the earlier /k-/ consonant to shift when followed by /i/ or /y-/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

今日 (hiragana ちゅー, rōmaji chū)

  1. today

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with Japanese 今日 (kyō).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

今日 (hiragana きゆ, rōmaji kiyu)

  1. (literary) today

References[edit]

  • ちゅー【今日】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • チュー” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.
  • キユ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.