今日

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Chinese[edit]

 
today; modern; present; current; this; now
 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(今日)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

今日

  1. today; now
  2. nowadays

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 1
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of ‎(ke, this) +‎ ‎(hu, day). /ke1hu/: /kepu//keɸu//kewu//keu//kjoː/

The initial /ke/ is an alternative form of the initial /ko/ (, “this”) seen in words such as ここ ‎(koko, this place → here) or これ ‎(kore, this [nominal] → this), and the final /hu/ is an apophonic form of ‎(hi, day). The final /eu//joː/ sound shift is a separate but regular phonological change.

The use of the kanji ‎(now) instead of ‎(this) is an example of jukujikun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

今日 ‎(hiragana きょう, romaji kyō, historical hiragana けふ)

  1. today
    • 712, Kojiki (poem #102)[4]
      毛毛志紀能 淤富美夜比登波 宇豆良登理 比禮登理加氣弖 麻那婆志良 袁由岐阿閇 爾波須受米 宇受須麻理韋弖 祁布母加母 佐加美豆久良斯 多加比加流 比能美夜比登 許登能 加多理碁登母 許袁婆
    • 905 Kokin Wakashū (poem #20)[5]
      梓弓をして春雨けふ降りぬあすさへ降らば若菜つみてん
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 2
にち
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 今日 ‎(kim nyit). Compare modern Mandarin 今日 ‎(jīnrì).

Goon, so likely the original reading of the term as first borrowed from Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

In faster or more informal speech, the moraic ん is not fully pronounced.

Noun[edit]

今日 ‎(hiragana こんにち, romaji konnichi)

  1. today, this day
  2. nowadays
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 2
じつ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 今日 ‎(kim nyit). Compare modern Cantonese 今日 ‎(gam1jat6).

Change in reading from konnichi, keeping the earlier goon reading kon for , but substituting the later kan'on reading jitsu for .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

今日 ‎(hiragana こんじつ, romaji konjitsu)

  1. today, this day
  2. nowadays
Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  4. ^ 1957, Yutaka Tsuchihashi, Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 3: Kodai Kayōshū (in Japanese), Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-00-060003-6
  5. ^ 1989 September 1 [905], Noriyuki Kojima; Arai Eizō, Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 5: Kokin Wakashū (in Japanese), Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-00-240005-0: