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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  𠦝 + phonetic 

The left side (𠦝) is a pictograph of the sunrise as seen through some trees. The right-side 月 is actually a graphical variant/corruption of ("boat"), used as a phonetic.

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
朝-bw.png

(radical 74 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 十十月 (JJB), four-corner 47420, composition𠦝)

  1. morning
  2. dynasty
  3. ​shorthand for 朝鮮 (meaning Korea or North Korea)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 506, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14374
  • Dae Jaweon: page 885, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2084, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+671D

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (朝), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 陟遙切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈiᴇu/ /ȶi̯ɛu/ /ȶiɛu/ /ʈiɛu/ /ʈiaw/ /ȶĭɛu/ /ȶjæu/
Character (朝), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 直遙切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖiᴇu/ /ȡʱi̯ɛu/ /ȡiɛu/ /ɖiɛu/ /ɖiaw/ /ȡĭɛu/ /ȡjæu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cháo ‹ drjew › /*m-t<r>aw/ (morning) audience at court
zhāo ‹ trjew › /*t<r>aw/ morning

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1307 2 /*ʔr'ew/ 甲文作日月同在草中表清晨,非舟聲
1309 2 𪓙 /*r'ew/

Noun[edit]

  1. the court; the government
  2. dynasty

Noun[edit]

  1. morning
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. morning
  2. dynasty
  3. regime
  4. epoch
  5. period
  6. North Korea
  7. Korea

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historically a day was split into two halves:

While asa and ashita represent the same time period, asa was associated with beginning of the afternoon and ashita was associated with the end of the night. Both terms share an initial as- and are likely etymologically related.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あさ, romaji asa)

  1. morning

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あした, romaji ashita)

  1. morning

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. dynasty, imperial court
    조선 (朝鮮, Joseon) — Korea
    왕조 (王朝, wangjo) — dynasty

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(triều, chầu, chào, tràu, trều, triêu, chiều, giàu, giầu, trào)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: chào, chầu, chiều, chìu, dèo, giàu, trào, trèo, triêu, triều

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville