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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
朝-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 74 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 十十月 (JJB), four-corner 47420, composition𠦝)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 506, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14374
  • Dae Jaweon: page 885, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2084, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+671D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔr'ew, *r'ew): phonetic 𠦝 + semantic 

The left side (𠦝) is a pictograph of the sunrise as seen through some trees. The right-side is actually a graphical corruption of (“river”).

Etymology[edit]

“Morning” > “perform the morning ceremony” > “to go/come to court; to have an audience”. Derivative: (OC *r'ew, “morning tide”).

Perhaps related to Thai เพรา ‎(prao, morning) (Manomaivibool, 1975).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (9)
Final () (92)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɣiᴇu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈɯiɛu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiæu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈiaw/
Li
Rong
/ȶjɛu/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭɛu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯ɛu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhāo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjew ›
Old
Chinese
/*t<r>aw/
English morning

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1307
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔr'ew/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. morning
      ―  zhāo  ―  morning and evening; all the time
  2. breakfast
  3. moment; short period
  4. daytime; day; full day
  5. active; energetic; lively
  6. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (11)
Final () (92)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɣiᴇu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖɯiɛu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiæu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖiaw/
Li
Rong
/ȡjɛu/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭɛu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ɛu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cháo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cháo
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjew ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-t<r>aw/
English (morning) audience at court

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1309
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
𪓙
Old
Chinese
/*r'ew/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) to wish elders or seniors good health; to visit (a senior person)
  2. (historical) to have an audience with the king or emperor; to perform the morning ceremony; to go to court
  3. to make a pilgrimage to
  4. to assemble; to call
  5. imperial court
  6. dynasty
  7. emperor's reign
  8. government
  9. affairs of the state
  10. (historical) courtier class
  11. towards; to; on; facing
      ―  cháo qián kàn  ―  look ahead [lit. look to the front]
  12. Abbreviation of 朝鮮朝鲜 (Cháoxiǎn, “North Korea; Korea”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. morning
  2. dynasty
  3. regime
  4. epoch
  5. period
  6. North Korea
  7. Korea

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historically a day was split into two halves:

While asa and ashita represent the same time period, asa was associated with beginning of the afternoon and ashita was associated with the end of the night. Both terms share an initial as- and are likely etymologically related.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あさ, romaji asa)

  1. morning

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あした, romaji ashita)

  1. morning

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. dynasty, imperial court
    조선 (朝鮮, Joseon) — Korea
    왕조 (王朝, wangjo) — dynasty

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(triều, chầu, chào, tràu, trều, triêu, chiều, giàu, giầu, trào)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: chào, chầu, chiều, chìu, dèo, giàu, trào, trèo, triêu, triều

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville