明日

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See also: 明白

Chinese[edit]

 
clear; bright; to understand; next; the Ming dynasty
 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(明日)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: bêng-ji̍t - literary.
Note:
  • min2 r6 - vernacular;
  • min2 nyi6 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (38)
Final () (111) (48)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠiæŋ/ /ȵiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚiaŋ/ /ȵit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/miaŋ/ /ȵʑjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miajŋ/ /ȵit̚/
Li
Rong
/miɐŋ/ /ȵiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/mĭɐŋ/ /ȵʑĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɐŋ/ /ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
míng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjæng › ‹ nyit ›
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/ /*C.nik/
English bright sun; day

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9188 10845
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/ /*njiɡ/

Noun[edit]

明日

  1. (literary or dialectal) tomorrow
  2. (literary, figuratively) future

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (明日):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あした
Grade: 2 Grade: 1
jukujikun

Shift in meaning from (ashita, next morning),[1] itself cognate with (asa, morning).

The kanji spelling is from Chinese 明日.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

明日(あした) (ashita

  1. (colloquial) tomorrow
    明日(あした)(あめ)ですね。
    Ashita wa ame desu ne.
    It seems like it will rain tomorrow.
    明日(あした)夕方(ゆうがた)
    ashita no yūgata
    tomorrow evening
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

明日(あした) (Ashita

  1. a female given name

明日(ぬくい) (Nukui

  1. a surname

明日(あけひ) (Akehi

  1. a surname

明日(みょうが) (Myōga

  1. a surname

明日(ぬくひ) (Nukuhi

  1. a surname

明日(あけび) (Akebi

  1. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
あす
Grade: 2 Grade: 1
jukujikun

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Kojiki (712 CE).

Various theories exist regarding the ultimate derivation:

  • Possibly a shift from verb 明かす (akasu, to pass).
    */akasu/ → */akusu//asu/
  • Possibly an apophonic form of or cognate with (asa, morning).

The kanji spelling is an orthographic borrowing from Chinese 明日.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

明日(あす) (asu

  1. (polite) tomorrow
  2. the near future
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

明日(あす) (asu

  1. a female given name

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
みょう
Grade: 2
にち
Grade: 1
goon

/mʲau nʲiti//mʲɔːɲit͡ɕi//mʲoːɲit͡ɕi/

From Middle Chinese compound 明日 (MC mˠiæŋ ȵiɪt̚).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(みょう)(にち) (myōnichi (historical kana みやうにち)

  1. (formal) tomorrow
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
めい
Grade: 2
じつ
Grade: 1
kan’on

From a later borrowing of Chinese 明日, using the 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound).

Rare reading.

Noun[edit]

明日(めいじつ) (meijitsu

  1. (rare) tomorrow

Usage notes[edit]

Note that the pronunciation differs depending on register, which also happens for the antonym “yesterday” and the coordinate term “today”. Corresponding in formality to ashita, asu, and myōnichi for “tomorrow” are 昨日 (​kinō), 昨日 (​kiso), and 昨日 (​sakujitsu) for “yesterday”; and きょう (​kyō),今日 (​konnichi), and 本日 (​honjitsu) for “today”.

Antonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

(Time)
~ -2 -1 0 +1 +2 Continual
Day 一昨日 昨日 今日 明日 明後日 毎日
Morning 一昨朝 昨朝 今朝 明朝 毎朝
Night 一昨晩 昨晩 今晩 明晩 毎晩
Week 先々週 先週 今週 来週 再来週 毎週
Month 先々月 先月 今月 来月 再来月 毎月
Year 一昨年 去年 今年 来年 再来年 毎年

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 2002, 京阪系アクセント辞典 (A Dictionary of Tone on Words of the Keihan-type Dialects) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Bensei, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

明日 (myeong-il) (hangeul 명일)

  1. Hanja form? of 명일 (tomorrow).

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from an as- root that is cognate with or from an apophonic form of (asa, morning).

Noun[edit]

明日 (asu) (kana あす)

  1. tomorrow
    • 711712, Kojiki (poem 112)
      意岐米母夜阿布美能於岐米阿須用理波美夜麻賀久理弖美延受加母阿良牟
      Oki1me2 mo2 ya Apumi1 no2 Oki1me2 asu yo1ri pa mi1yama-gakurite mi1yezu ka mo2 aramu
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Citations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:明日.

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]