同じ

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See also: 同し

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おな
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

⟨ono2 zi⟩⟨onazi⟩/onaʑi/

From Old Japanese.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “explain shift from -shiku to -nari to no conjugation needed.”)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(おな) (onaji

  1. same, identical
  2. common, similar
Usage notes[edit]
  • In modern Japanese, the adjective normally follows -na inflection (形容動詞), but modifies a noun directly without the suffix (-na).
    (おな)(そら)(した)onaji sora no shitaunder the same sky
  • When attaching ので or のに, is still needed as in 同じなので or 同じなのに.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Citations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:同じ.

Idioms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(おな) (onaji

  1. anyhow, anyway

Noun[edit]

(おな) (onaji

  1. (informal) The iteration mark , which indicates that the previous kanji ought to be repeated.
    Synonyms: 漢字返し (kanji gaeshi), 同の字点 (dō no jiten), ノマ (noma), 繰り返し (kurikaeshi), 同じく (onajiku)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おな > おんな
Grade: 2
Irregular

/onaʑi//onːaʑi/

Long-pronounced form of onaji above.

Compare (minami → minnami, south).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(おんな) (onnaji

  1. (colloquial) same, identical
  2. (colloquial) common, similar
Conjugation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(おんな) (onnaji

  1. (colloquial) anyhow, anyway

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
どう
Grade: 2
kan’yōon

The 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis) and 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative) forms of various verbs.

Verb[edit]

(どう) (dōji

  1. imperfective and stem (or continuative) forms of 同じる (dōjiru) [ichidan]: agreeing
  2. imperfective and stem (or continuative) forms of 同ずる (dōzuru) [irregular]: agreeing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN


Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from pronoun (ono2, I, oneself) + adjectival suffix (-si).[1]

Adjective[edit]

同じ (onazi) (kana おなじ)

  1. same, identical
  2. common, similar
Citations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:同じ.

Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Japanese: 同じ (onaji)

Etymology 2[edit]

Derived from (oya, parent, ancestor) + adjectival suffix (-si).[1]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Why this is obsolete?”)

Adjective[edit]

同じ (oyazi) (kana おやじ)

  1. same, identical
  2. common, similar
Citations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:同じ.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan