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U+7956, 祖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7956

[U+7955]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7957]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
祖-oracle.svg 祖-bronze.svg 祖-bigseal.svg 祖-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zaːl, *zaː
*zlaːl, *sʰaːʔ
*rnaː, *ʔsraː
*ʔsjaː, *zaʔ
*ʔsjaː, *ʔsas, *zaʔ
*ʔsjaː
*ʔslja, *ʔsraːʔ
*ʔsjaːʔ
*ʔsljaːʔ, *ljaːʔ, *ʔsraː
*ʔsjaːʔ
*sʰjaːʔ, *ʔsa
*sʰjaːs, *sʰa
*sʰjaːs
*ʔsraː, *zraː, *zraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*ʔsraː
*zraː
*zraː, *ʔsa, *ʔsaʔ, *sʰa
*ʔslaːŋʔ, *zaːʔ
*ʔsaː
*ʔsaː, *ʔsaːʔ, *sʰa
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*ʔsaːʔ
*sʰaː, *zaːʔ
*zaː
*zaː
*zaːʔ, *zras
*zaːʔ, *sʰa
*ʔsa, *sʰa
*ʔsa, *ʔsas, *sʰa, *zaʔ, *ʔsra
*ʔsaʔ, *zaʔ
*sʰa
*sʰa
*sʰa, *sʰas
*sʰa
*sʰa
*sʰa, *sʰas
*sʰas
*sʰas
*sʰas
*zaʔ
*das
*ʔsra
*ʔsra
*ʔsraʔ, *ʔsras
*ʔsraʔ
*ʔsraʔ, *ʔsras
*zra, *zraʔ
*zra
*zra
*zra, *zras
*zraʔ
*zras

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsaːʔ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *sʰjaːʔ, *ʔsa): two altars.

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈火月一 (IFBM), four-corner 37210, composition)

  1. ancestor(s), progenitor(s), forefather(s)/mother(s)
  2. grandfather(s)/mother(s)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 841, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24664
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1260, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2391, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7956

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡suoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡soX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɔX/
Li
Rong
/t͡soX/
Wang
Li
/t͡suX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤaʔ/
English ancestor

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10398
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaːʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. ancestor
  2. grandparent
  3. forefather

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Zu

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. founder

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (tsuX, ancestor).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji so)

  1. ancestor

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of tổ

Compounds[edit]