十二

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Chinese

[edit]
ten two
simp. and trad.
(十二)
alternative forms 拾貳拾贰 financial
拾弍 financial; obsolete
anagram 二十
Chinese cardinal numbers
 <  11 12 13  > 
    Cardinal : 十二 (shí'èr)

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (25) (38)
Final () (141) (15)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter dzyip nyijH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪp̚/ /ȵiɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑip̚/ /ȵiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjep̚/ /ȵʑjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑip̚/ /ȵiH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəp̚/ /ȵiH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕp̚/ /ȵʑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯əp̚/ /ȵʑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shí èr
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sap6 ji6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shí èr
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyip › ‹ nyijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*t.[ɡ]əp/ /*ni[j]-s/
English ten two

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11452 2824
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡjub/ /*njis/

Numeral

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十二

  1. twelve; 12
    十二宵夜  ―  shí'èr xiāoyè  ―  twelve nights

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (十二):
  • Japanese: 十二(じゅうに) (jūni)
  • Korean: 십이(十二) (sibi)

Japanese

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Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
on’yomi
Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  11 12 13  > 
    Cardinal : 十二

Pronunciation

[edit]

Numeral

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(じゅう)() (jūniじふに (zifuni)?

  1. twelve; 12

Coordinate terms

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Japanese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Regular (れい) (rei)
(ゼロ) (zero)
(いち) (ichi) () (ni) (さん) (san) (よん) (yon)
() (shi)
() (go) (ろく) (roku) (なな) (nana)
(しち) (shichi)
(はち) (hachi) (きゅう) (kyū)
() (ku)
(じゅう) ()
Formal (いち) (ichi) () (ni) (さん) (san) (じゅう) ()
90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
Regular (きゅう)(じゅう) (kyūjū) (ひゃく) (hyaku)
(いっ)(ぴゃく) (ippyaku)
(さん)(びゃく) (sanbyaku) (ろっ)(ぴゃく) (roppyaku) (はっ)(ぴゃく) (happyaku) (せん) (sen)
(いっ)(せん) (issen)
(さん)(ぜん) (sanzen) (はっ)(せん) (hassen) (いち)(まん) (ichiman) (いち)(おく) (ichioku)
Formal (いち)(まん) (ichiman)
1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
(いっ)(ちょう) (itchō) (はっ)(ちょう) (hatchō) (じゅっ)(ちょう) (jutchō) (いっ)(けい) (ikkei) (ろっ)(けい) (rokkei) (はっ)(けい) (hakkei) (じゅっ)(けい) (jukkei) (ひゃっ)(けい) (hyakkei)

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Numeral

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十二 (sibi) (hangeul 십이)

  1. Hanja form? of 십이 (twelve).