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See also: , , and
U+53C2, 参
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53C2

[U+53C1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53C3]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 28, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈大竹竹竹 (IKHHH), composition ⿱⿱)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 164, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3090
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 386, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+53C2

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Simplified from , which is in turn simplified from .

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Three Stars mansion; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. jagged, uneven
  2. carrot, ginseng
  3. add, increase, join (a group, etc.)
  4. go (for a specific purpose, for example)
  5. Alternative spelling of (san): 3, three
  6. Short for 参議院 (Sangi-in): the House of Councillors (upper house of the Diet)
  7. Mikawa Province

Readings[edit]

(Can we verify(+) this pronunciation?)
From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠiɪm, “Three Stars mansion; carrot, ginseng”) and (MC t͡ʃʰˠiɪm, “jagged, uneven”):

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰʌm, “add, influence, join”):

From Middle Chinese (MC sɑm, “3, three”):

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 4
on’yomi

/ɕʲim//ɕimʉ//ɕiɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠiɪm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana しん, rōmaji Shin)

  1. (Chinese astronomy) the Three Stars constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    Synonyms: 參宿 (Shin-shuku), 唐鋤星 (Karasuki-boshi)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 4
on’yomi

/t͡ɕam//t͡samʉ//saɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰʌm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana さん, rōmaji san)

  1. (Zen Buddhism) a gathering of Zen members in meditation, preaching, and invocation

Verb[edit]

する (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji する, hiragana さんする, rōmaji san suru)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Synonym: 拘る (kakawaru)

Proper noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana さん, rōmaji San)

  1. (Chinese astronomy) the Three Stars constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    Synonyms: 參宿 (San-shuku), 唐鋤星 (Karasuki-boshi)
  2. a surname

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana さん, rōmaji san)

  1. (law) Financial form of (san): 3, three
Usage notes[edit]

This form of 3 is only used in legal documents.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN