San

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

As a synonym of Bushmen introduced in modern ethnology from the 1960s, from Khoekhoe saan (singular saa), via back-formation from Khoisan. Occasional citation as the Nama term for "Bushmen" from the 1880s.[1]

Noun[edit]

San pl (plural only)

  1. Any of the foraging non-Bantu ethnic groups of southwestern Africa.
Alternative forms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
  • San is the plural form, used for the group collectively. Individuals are referred to as "a San man", "a San woman" etc., although when referring to individuals, reference to their specific nation is preferable (as in, "a ǃKung man" etc.).
  • San became popular in 1970s western anthropology as a politically correct replacement for "Bushmen", which was perceived as outdated. However, it turned out that San was a derogatory term for "foragers" used by the pastoralist Khoikhoi, while "Bushman" carried no derogatory connotations, so that experts who had been in actual contact with the group recommended the continued use of "Bushmen" (Henry Harpending). By the 2000s, it was reported that San had mostly lost its derogatory connotations in South Africa and was partly embraced as self-designation, while it continued to be perceived as an insult in parts of the central Kalahari in Namibia.[2]

Etymology 2[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

San

  1. A river in southeastern Poland and western Ukraine.
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Theophilus Hahn (1881) Tsuni-ǁGoam: The Supreme Being to the Khoi-Khoi, page 3:
    The old Dutch also did not know that their so-called Hottentots formed only one branch of a wide-spread race, of which the other branch divided into ever so many tribes, differing from each other totally in language [] While the so-called Hottentots called themselves Khoikhoi (men of men, i.e. men par excellence), they called those other tribes , the Sonqua of the Cape Records [] We should apply the term Hottentot to the whole race, and call the two families, each by the native name, that is the one, the Khoikhoi, the so-calle Hottentot proper; the other the Sān () or Bushmen.
  2. ^ Richard B. Lee (2012) The Dobe Ju/'Hoansi, 4th edition, Cengage Learning, page 9

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

San m

  1. Saint (title given to a saint)

Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

San m

  1. Saint (title given to a saint)

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French saint, from Latin sanctus (holy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

San (indeclinable)

  1. (Christianity) Saint (title)
    Synonym: Naomh
    San DoiminicSt. Dominic
    San CaitríonaSt. Catherine
    San NioclásSt. Nicholas, Santa Claus

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

San m or f

  1. a form of Santo or Santa

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /san/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -an
  • Syllabification: San

Proper noun[edit]

San m

  1. San (river)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • San in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • San in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Apocopic form of santo.

Adjective[edit]

San

  1. Saint (title)

Derived terms[edit]

in Belizean toponyms
in Colombian toponyms
in Costa Rican toponyms
in Cuban toponyms
in toponyms of the Dominican Republic
in toponyms of El Salvador
in Guatemalan toponyms
in Honduran toponyms
in Mexican toponyms
in Nicaraguan toponyms
in Panamanian toponyms

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish San, an apocopic form of Santo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

San (feminine Santa)

  1. title used with the name of the male saints aside from Tomas or Tome, Domingo, and Toribio: Saint; St.
    Coordinate term: Santo

Turkish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

San

  1. A male given name

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

San

  1. A female given name from Chinese