sanctus

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See also: Sanctus

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perfect passive participle of sanciō (consecrate, appoint as sacred).

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

sānctus m (feminine sāncta, neuter sānctum); first/second declension

  1. sacred, made inviolable, having been established as sacred.
  2. venerable, august, divine, blessed, holy, saintly
    • 4th century, St Jerome, Vulgate, Tobit 3:25
      et missus est angelus Domini sanctus Rafahel ut curaret ambos quorum uno tempore fuerat oratio in conspectu Domini recitata (And the holy angel of the Lord, Raphael was sent to heal them both, whose prayers at one time were rehearsed in the sight of the Lord.)

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative sānctus sāncta sānctum sānctī sānctae sāncta
genitive sānctī sānctae sānctī sānctōrum sānctārum sānctōrum
dative sānctō sānctō sānctīs
accusative sānctum sānctam sānctum sānctōs sānctās sāncta
ablative sānctō sānctā sānctō sānctīs
vocative sāncte sāncta sānctum sānctī sānctae sāncta

Noun[edit]

sānctus m (genitive sānctī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) A saint; person who lives a holy and virtuous life.
    "Dorothy Day erat sancta viva." (Dorothy Day was a living saint.)
  2. (Late Latin) A person who is officially proclaimed as having lived a life of heroic virtue.
    "Kateri Tekakwitha sancta proclamata est." (Kateri Tekakwitha was proclaimed a saint.)
  3. (Late Latin) A title given to (2), usually capitalized, prefixed to the person's name.
    "Sanctus Stephanus Protomartyr"

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sānctus sānctī
genitive sānctī sānctōrum
dative sānctō sānctīs
accusative sānctum sānctōs
ablative sānctō sānctīs
vocative sāncte sānctī

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • sanctus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sanctus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “sanctus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • sanctus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be an earnest worshipper of the gods: deos sancte, pie venerari
    • the laws of Solon ordained that..: Solonis legibus sanctum erat, ut or ne
  • sanctus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • sanctus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray