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See also: Sanctus



Perfect passive participle of sanciō (consecrate, appoint as sacred).



sānctus (feminine sāncta, neuter sānctum, comparative sānctior, superlative sānctissimus); first/second-declension participle

  1. sacred, made inviolable, having been established as sacred.
  2. venerable, august, divine, blessed, holy, saintly
    • 4th century, St Jerome, Vulgate, Tobit 3:25
      et missus est angelus Domini sanctus Rafahel ut curaret ambos quorum uno tempore fuerat oratio in conspectu Domini recitata (And the holy angel of the Lord, Raphael was sent to heal them both, whose prayers at one time were rehearsed in the sight of the Lord.)


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative sānctus sāncta sānctum sānctī sānctae sāncta
Genitive sānctī sānctae sānctī sānctōrum sānctārum sānctōrum
Dative sānctō sānctō sānctīs
Accusative sānctum sānctam sānctum sānctōs sānctās sāncta
Ablative sānctō sānctā sānctō sānctīs
Vocative sāncte sāncta sānctum sānctī sānctae sāncta


sānctus m (genitive sānctī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) A saint; person who lives a holy and virtuous life.
    "Dorothy Day erat sancta viva." (Dorothy Day was a living saint.)
  2. (Late Latin) A person who is officially proclaimed as having lived a life of heroic virtue.
    "Kateri Tekakwitha sancta proclamata est." (Kateri Tekakwitha was proclaimed a saint.)
  3. (Late Latin) A title given to (2), usually capitalized, prefixed to the person's name.
    "Sanctus Stephanus Protomartyr"


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sānctus sānctī
Genitive sānctī sānctōrum
Dative sānctō sānctīs
Accusative sānctum sānctōs
Ablative sānctō sānctīs
Vocative sāncte sānctī


Derived terms[edit]