祖父

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Chinese[edit]

ancestral father
simp. and trad.
(祖父)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (13) (3)
Final () (23) (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suoX/ /bɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡suoX/ /bioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡soX/ /bioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɔX/ /buə̆X/
Li
Rong
/t͡soX/ /bioX/
Wang
Li
/t͡suX/ /bĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suoX/ /bʱi̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex

Noun[edit]

祖父

  1. (formal) paternal grandfather (one's father's father)
    祖父 [MSC, trad.]
    祖父 [MSC, simp.]
    zǔfù jì bù huì dú yòu bù huì xiě. [Pinyin]
    My grandfather can neither read nor write.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (祖父):
  • Japanese:  () () (sofu)
  • Korean: 조부 (祖父, jobu)

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term

Grade: 5

Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 祖父 (MC t͡suoX bɨoX). The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

祖父 (hiragana そふ, rōmaji sofu)

  1. a grandfather

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

祖父 (jobu) (hangeul 조부)

  1. Hanja form? of 조부 (grandfather).

Synonyms[edit]